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Before we diagnose someone with Antisocial Personality Disorder, we have to look at the CRITERIA.
In other words,
we have to make sure that certain things about that person that are true,
before we can be sure that they have antisocial personality disorder.
Here's the list of Antisocial Personality Disorder Criteria,
from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders:
A) There is a pervasive pattern of disregard for and violation of the rights of others occurring since age 15 years, as indicated by three or more of the following:
1. failure to conform to social norms with respect to lawful behaviors as indicated by repeatedly performing acts that are grounds for arrest;
2. deception, as indicated by repeatedly lying, use of aliases, or conning others for personal profit or pleasure;
3. impulsiveness or failure to plan ahead;
4. irritability and aggressiveness, as indicated by repeated physical fights or assaults;
5. reckless disregard for safety of self or others;
6. consistent irresponsibility, as indicated by repeated failure to sustain consistent work behavior or honor financial obligations;
7. lack of remorse, as indicated by being indifferent to or rationalizing having hurt, mistreated, or stolen from another;
***What you see here is a whole list of things that may be true, about someone with Antisocial Personality Disorder.
***In order for someone to be diagnosed with this disorder,
at least THREE of those things, on the list, must be true, about that person.
(If you'd like for me to explain any of those points in detail, I can do that for you. Just ask.)
But wait, the list goes on!
There are three more things that MUST be true about a person,
in order for that person to be diagnosed as Antisocial:
B) The individual is at least age 18 years.
C) There is evidence of conduct disorder with onset before age 15 years.
D) The occurrence of antisocial behavior is not exclusively during the course of schizophrenia or a manic episode.
Again, those three things MUST be true,
in order for someone to be diagnosed as Antisocial.
If you take a look at C,
it says that there is "evidence of conduct disorder, with onset before age 15."
Conduct Disorder is basically what we call.....a psycho child. lol. I'm serious.
Children who repeatedly disobey rules, and disregard others, no matter what they're told, are often diagnosed with Conduct Disorder.
Your question asks for TWO reasons for why someone might be diagnosed with Antisocial Personality Disorder.
I've given you an entire section right out of the book of mental disorders.
If you have any questions about any of them, please ask.