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Wencester Group Title

Can somebody on this page tell about trapezoidal rule in calculus?

  • one year ago
  • one year ago

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  1. areyes06 Group Title
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    The Trapezoidal rule is a way of approximating area under a curve. somewhat similar to what you may have done using right sum and left sum that utilized rectangles. in this case we use trapezoids that better refine the partition ( are more accurate) in estimating the area under a curve. later you will see this done with integrals but for now this is your bet bet. \[Deltax \times .5 (y0+2y1+2y2+2y3...+yn)\]

    • one year ago
  2. areyes06 Group Title
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    I hope this helps

    • one year ago
  3. Wencester Group Title
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    ..tnx for that particular information ..... in what i studied in our class trapezoidal rule is a technique in approximating indefinite integrals.. we also tackled about that particular formula... can u give a particular example for that?

    • one year ago
  4. areyes06 Group Title
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    The further you zoom in on a curve, the straighter it gets. When you use a greater and greater number of trapezoids and then zoom in on where the trapezoids touch the curve, the tops of the trapezoids get closer and closer to the curve. If you zoom in “infinitely,” the tops of the “infinitely many” trapezoids become the curve and, thus, the sum of their areas gives you the exact area under the curve. This is a good way to think about why integration produces the exact area. integrals do a similar thing by evaluating the integral of a function you are getting the area under the curve essentially you can think of them doing the same thing.

    • one year ago
  5. areyes06 Group Title
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    Use the trapezoidal rule with n = 8 to estimate \[\int\limits_{1}^{5}\sqrt{1+x^{2}} dx\] so \[Deltax= (5-1)/(8)\] find values x--1--1.5--2--2.5--3--3.5--4--4.5--5 y--\[\sqrt{2}--2\sqrt{3.25}--\sqrt{5}--\sqrt{7.25}--\sqrt{10}--\sqrt{13.25}--\sqrt{17}--\sqrt{21.25}--\sqrt{26}\] because i could not make a chart i hope this works the "--" is just spacing between terms for X1--X2--X3 ect same for y now simple plug into formula i provided before and you will get 12.76 which evaluates the integral aswell as provide area under curve

    • one year ago
  6. Wencester Group Title
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    ahh yeah we got the same answer i also try it in my notebook while waiting for you but do you know that there is still an error in using trapezoidal rule that is called the truncation error?

    • one year ago
  7. areyes06 Group Title
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    Yes the rule is not perfect it is still an appoximation yet it provides a rather close answer

    • one year ago
  8. areyes06 Group Title
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    Have u done Simpsons rule yet if i am correct that is more accurate

    • one year ago
  9. Wencester Group Title
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    yup... simpsons rule is more accurate that trapezoidal rule... because Simpson's rule subdivides the area into slices that have little curves , so Simpson's rule is more accurate for functions that have a lot of curvy sections. or what i mean is the interval of that..

    • one year ago
  10. Wencester Group Title
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    thank you very much areyes06 for that particular information about the trapezoidal rule... sorry for the last time that i didn't reply that fast because i really can't verify my email address... thank you once more...

    • one year ago
  11. areyes06 Group Title
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    not a problem what so ever and seems you have a grasp on the simpsons rule so u are good to go. good for you i hope i helped and lmk if i can help you out with anything else in the future

    • one year ago
  12. Wencester Group Title
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    yeah thanks.. i really appreciate all your replies... but i want to know simpsons rule further..

    • one year ago
  13. areyes06 Group Title
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    Simpson’s rule is a very accurate approximation method. In fact, it gives the exact area for any polynomial function of degree three or less. In general, Simpson’s rule gives a much better estimate than either the midpoint rule or the trapezoid rule.With Simpson’s rule, you approximate the area under a curve with curvy-topped “trapezoids.” The tops of these shapes are sections of parabolas. Parabola are much more accurate due to the fact that they hug the curve of a given function much better then the sharp ends of a trapezoid. simpsons Rule A=1/3 DetlaX (f(x1)+4f(x2)+2f(x3)+.....4f(xn-1)+f(xn)) Procedure is much the same as the trap rule but formula is slightly different

    • one year ago
  14. Wencester Group Title
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    so if i use Simpson’s rule with n = 6 to estimate \[\int\limits_{1}^{4}\sqrt{1+x ^{3}}dx\] then we will get delta x which is \[\frac{ 4-1 }{ 6}\] = .5 ... this will be my 1st step right?

    • one year ago
  15. areyes06 Group Title
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    Correct that will give you Delta X Next....?

    • one year ago
  16. Wencester Group Title
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    next ahm... i will make a table... x 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 y=\[\sqrt{1+x ^{3}}\] 1.414 2.092 3 4.077 2.3 6.624 8.062 am i right or there is another process in doing a tble?

    • one year ago
  17. areyes06 Group Title
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    Looks good to me and no thats usually the easiest way if you have a graphing calc you may use that by adding the function into Y1 and utilizing the table but thats good whats next?

    • one year ago
  18. Wencester Group Title
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    yeah but i dont have a graphing calculator... ahm \[\int\limits_{1}^{4}\sqrt{1+x ^{3}}\] = .5/3 (1.414 + 4(2.092) +2 (3) +4(4.077)+ 2(2.3) + 4(6.624) +8.062 then the answer will be 12.871

    • one year ago
  19. Wencester Group Title
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    is that right?

    • one year ago
  20. areyes06 Group Title
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    i got 11.87 try the math again to the parens first i could be wrong but i think its 11.87

    • one year ago
  21. areyes06 Group Title
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    *do the parens

    • one year ago
  22. Wencester Group Title
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    ay yeah i also got 11.87... sorry can u try to solve it using the trapezoidal rule? so that we can compare our answrs?

    • one year ago
  23. areyes06 Group Title
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    11.42

    • one year ago
  24. Wencester Group Title
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    are you using a graphing calculator or u are solving it manually?

    • one year ago
  25. areyes06 Group Title
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    i have a graphing calc but i am just using it for arithmetic not w/ functions or programs

    • one year ago
  26. Wencester Group Title
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    i also want to have a graphing calculator haha.... ahm so if you use the calculator to solve for this equation what will be the anwr?

    • one year ago
  27. areyes06 Group Title
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    11.4155

    • one year ago
  28. Wencester Group Title
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    so... i think the trpezoidal rule gives much appropriate answer? but then it is ststed that simpsons is the best that we can use

    • one year ago
  29. areyes06 Group Title
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    the answer i got was through a trapazoidal program. so naturally it will be similar to the hand work simpsons program gives the 12.871 you originally got. so that is right i am sorry but not matter what when you actually do the integral through the fundamental theorem of calc you will be closer wih the simpsons rule

    • one year ago
  30. Wencester Group Title
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    ahh yeah.... maybe i have typographical error on what i wrote on the solution

    • one year ago
  31. areyes06 Group Title
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    its ok no big deal as long as you get the process?

    • one year ago
  32. Wencester Group Title
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    oh i'm very much impress with your answers by the way are you a professor in mathematics?

    • one year ago
  33. areyes06 Group Title
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    lol no im not but thank you i am an engineering student you tend to be forced to view calc very in depth in this major

    • one year ago
  34. Wencester Group Title
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    ah so your from what school?

    • one year ago
  35. Wencester Group Title
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    i really appreciate all your answer... hope that i can also help you the next way around... =)

    • one year ago
  36. areyes06 Group Title
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    not a problem anytime glad i could help feel free to message me with anyother problem in the future i will always do my best to help out

    • one year ago
  37. sirm3d Group Title
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    @Wencester you should close this thread to open a new thread.

    • one year ago
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