Why did psychology became a separate profession from that of the medical doctor route?
MIT 9.00SC Introduction to Psychology
Stacey Warren - Expert brainly.com
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Medical doctors, like psychiatrists, are mostly concerned with managing medication, and treating illnesses.
PSYCHIATRY is the medical treatment of mental disorders.
On the other hand, PSYCHOLOGY is the study of the human mind, and behavior.
It's got to do with much more than just mental disorders, you see.
PSYCHOLOGISTS can treat mental disorders.
But some psychologists don't do that at all.
Some psychologists might work as researchers.
Or they might help sports coaches train professional athletes.
Or they might study how people and societies interact.
Or they might study human language. Or human memory.
Psychology is a very versatile field.
It's got many different possibilities.
Psychiatry, on the other hand, is more focused on medicine. On healing.
I think I was looking for a more historical answer. An event or some conflict of interest that lead those in medicine to branch off and create a separate non-invasive field of medicine. Medical doctors should be able to treat mental disorders as it falls under human health, regardless of its anatomical location.
All medical doctors have spent a part of their time studying mental disorders, yes.
It's the psychiatrists who have extensive and specialized training, in that field.
As far as history goes,
I believe that Psychology became its own field, somewhere in the late 1800's.
That's when Wilhelm Wundt, the father of modern psychology, founded the first psychology lab.
Wilhelm Wundt believed in a concept called "structuralism."
It was the idea that the human mind was made up of different elements,
kind of like all the elements that we see on the Period Table of Elements.
But the elements that he wanted to explore weren't physical elements. They were mental.
He wanted to explore these elements. Learn more about them.
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If you think about it, PSYCHOLOGISTS and PSYCHIATRISTS do not hold an M.D. degree, but a separate degree for their own field of study. It would have been much easier for them to hold an M.D. degree than specialize their concentration pick. It is common that you see M.D. degree holders who say they are ENDOCRINOLOGISTS, but they do not hold an ENDOCRINOLOGIST DEGREE, such that it can be denoted as END for example.
Psychologists don't have an M.D., that's right.
But psychiatrists do have an M.D.
An endocrinologist is someone who has completed medical school, for an M.D.,
and has received specialized residency training in endocrinology.
And because of that, they do receive specialized Endocrinology certification, from the Board of Physician Specialties.
Anyone who graduates from medical school gets an M.D.
Those are all the same.
But there IS a form of special certification, for endocrinologists, that you could think of as an "endocrinology degree."
Which goes back to my original question about psychologists not having an M.D., which caused them to separate themselves from the field of conventional medicine. It is the questionable basis the reason for such that is being asked.
You wanted to know the history? The point at which psychology really became its own discipline?
Medicine is the art and science of healing.
The reason psychologists don't have a degree in medicine is because their field encompasses so much more than just healing.
Psychology IS used in psychiatric practice.
All psychiatrists are formally and officially trained in psychotherapy (unlike endocrinologists).
Psychology and Psychiatry have similarities,
but at the same time, there are many, many differences.
When Wilhelm Wundt founded the first psychology lab,
the world began to realize that there were many more things that we could study, about the human mind. Not just mental illness.
And these new fields of study had nothing to do with medicine.
Many of the things that psychologists are interested in have nothing to do with medicine.
Psychiatrists are interested primarily in healing.
But psychologists discovered different interests.
***That's why psychology and psychiatry are separate.
***That is why psychologists don't have an M.D.
***They are not trained in medicine, like psychiatrists.
It's like comparing....Architecture, and Art.
They both have similarities.
They both incorporate art, design, and creativity.
But you wouldn't hire a painter to build your home, would you?