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2.) What regions have the lowest national incomes per capita? What regions have the highest national incomes per capita?
3.) Why is Africa experiencing mass urbanization? How is urbanization contributing to the public health problems in Africa?
4.) Why does Africa have difficulty trading with the rest of the world even though the continent is so rich with natural resources?
5.) Why does Oxfam believe that international trade rules are unfair to poorer countries and benefit the developed world?
2. The lowest-income countries are: Niger, Chad, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Malawi and Mozambique.
(the red coloured countried) Which are located all over Africa... However if you just pick the lowest national income regions, it would be east, west, and central Africa in General.
The highest-income countries are: the comoros and seychelles. the regions are east Africa (Islands) and South Africa.
3. Africa is experiencing mass urbanisation (the movement from the primary sector of industry to the secondary sector of industry ~ "making urban") because they can get their hands on cheaper new technology in order to make buildings, roads, factories and infrastructure for people to live in and buy more products from. It's also because of migration of people from "richer" countries to poorer countries and setting up new buildings, roads and factories because there are already full jobs in other countries, or that they want to give aid to these countries.
With more roads made, and factories, etc., there is less space for people to live (as people may have lived in those areas before) and have to find other homes, usually near the roadside. With people living near factories and roads, and people living there in general, the pollution gets into their systems, and they experience health problems. Also, factory waste needs to go somewhere, and some people in Africa are still so poor that they eat from garbage or live near garbage, and use rivers to bath and take water from. These rivers and areas are polluted, have rats, and have many diseases along with it. Therefore, more health problems arise and hospitals are needed.
Because hospitals are needed, whicha re "tertiary" sector industries, these hospitals may run out of space or not be well equipped to medicate all these people, and especially the poor ones, and there will not be any new or better made ones because the country is not completely developed yet, and they need money to make new hospitals and get medicine.
4. There may be many reasons why Africa cannot trade well with the rest of the world.
Most of the world is still more developed than most African countries. Even though Africa has the resources to produce better quality and better commodities altogether than the rest of the world, it cannot because of war, corruption, and focus on the primary sector of industry. Because it trades its natural raw resources (like cocao and oil) with the rest of the world, they do get money off of it, but they don't produce the cocoa, let's say, into the chocolate itself, or the crude oil into petrol, which every country uses it for. The produced, added valued petrol and chocolate costs more, and these countries import them into their countries back once they've been made, and this costs them more than what their original materials were sold for.
Also, there is usually a large income-distribution in African countries, such as Nigeria and South Africa. In Nigeria, the large-oil and petrol owning companies obtain all or most of the profits from the selling of the crude oil and petrol, while the rest of the country lives on selling goods, in the market or otherwise, or are poor farmers. The top person may make $billions of dollars (or naira) per year (which are only 1/6th of the whole population, for example, while the middle class earn some $50,000 (or millions of naira) per year (3/6ths of the population) and 2/6ths earn less than $5,000 per year (or some 100,000 nairas or less).
And in South Africa, the division of income is between the poor farmers and the rich farmers. There are many more countries like that in Africa, and so, trading between different countries is harder, as lower-earning people are barely paid anything, and the rich are paid enormous sums of money.
Also, a lot of governments in Africa are corrupt and use the money they earn for other things, like cars for the people in the governments, etc.. Therefore, most African companies are not wanted to be highly traded with, as they may receive a bad image for trading with such countries.
5) read up the Oxfam's opinions and write it down. I think I have helped you enough ;)
Ty (: ! sorry on the late reply do you think you could help me with 3 questions?