1. Many Americans approved of the use of atomic weapons on Japan despite their destructive power because
A) they believed they were justified in striking first in order to protect themselves
B) they were eager to see if this new technology was effective in preventing wars
C) they believed that the atom bomb would cause no more damage than regular bombs
D) they were told that it was the only certain way to defeat the militant Japanese empire
2. Why did President Truman feel he had no choice but to drop the atomic bombs?
A) He feared that Japan would mount a fresh attack on US forces.
B) He felt that without the bomb a costly invasion would be necessary.
C) He feared a Japanese invasion of the California coast.
D) He believed he needed to defeat Japan first before defeating Germany.
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I believe the answers are.
1. either A, or D..
2. B) He felt that without the bomb a costly invasion would be necessary.
A little bit more information,
The USA was facing the prospect of invading Japan to subdue it. The last few battles, Iwo Jima and Okinawa particularly, were incomprehensibly bloody. Japan had no regard for its own citizens' lives and planned to turn their whole island into a fortress. It was estimated that casualties would be 1 million Americans and half a million British in the first invasion alone. Some cynics say we used it to scare Stalin as well, but the fact remains that they ignored an ultimatum on 27 July 1945 after enduring the worst conventional bombs could do. A powerful argument remains that the Bomb saved allied and Japanese lives.
The Allies demanded unconditional surrender of the Axis. In the Pacific Theater, the Allies, led by the United States, rolled up the Japanese expansion island by island. When Guam was taken, the Allies had a base from which stage an invasion. The estimates of American casualties for an invasion of mainland Japan was in excess of 1 million Americans. Possibly in excess of 2 million Americans. The United States dropped two atomic bombs to save American lives and speed the end of the war. To force Japan to surrender without further fighting. Japan surrendered very quickly thus saving the lives of over 100,000 American soldiers and perhaps as many as 1,000,000 Japanese who would have died if we had invaded Japan.