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Saponification is a process that produces soap, usually from fats and lye. It is a process by which triglycerides are reacted with sodium or potassium hydroxide to produce glycerol and a fatty acid salt...basically, soap.
erm… woot woot!
The hydrolysis (breakage) of an ester in the presence of a base is called saponification, a term that comes from the Latin word for soap, sapon.
Naturally occurring esters include fats and oils, and in making soap an animal fat or a vegetable oil is boiled with a strong base. The resultant soap consists of a mixture of salts of long-chain carboxylic acids (called fatty acids), which form during the saponification reaction.
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but i have different chose here??
1)Reduction of an ester
2)alkaline hydrolysis of an ester
3)conversion of an ester into an amide
4) formation of an ester by the reaction of an alcohol with acyl chloride
)alkaline hydrolysis of an ester
ur welcome :)
I wish you would read more effectively.
The answers you were looking for is in the first line of the additional information I provided. The "hydrolysis of ester" alone gives you most of the information you required. Common misconception is that an alkali is interchangeably used with base. While this is the case most of the time, it is not always the case.
Next time, if you were given a multiple choice, provide these options for us also so we can help you better.