"We" have all different types of personalities and lots of endearing little quirks, whereas "they" all think and act alike. This assumption would be an example of the cognitive schema called ______________.
a fundamental attribution error
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That's called a "stereotype."
A "stereotype" is a simple way that our minds describe other groups of people.
You probably know what stereotypes are.
Some examples would be....
"All Mexicans in the U.S. are illegal immigrants."
"Men are dogs."
"All mothers love their children."
In your example,
the stereotype is "they all think and act alike."
The stereotype is about "they,"
whoever "they" may be.
Stereotypes are like shortcuts for our minds.
Simple ways that they can use, in order to make sense of entire groups of people.
thank-you =) i wasn't sure if it was that or fundamental attribution error =o
The Fundamental Attribution Error is more about Situational vs. Personal factors.
It's where we underestimate the effect that the situation can have on someone's behavior.
And we overestimate the effect of personal factors, on behavior.
let's pretend you see a person you know at school.
You say "Hi!"
That person doesn't say anything back. Nothing.
And you think to yourself...."What a b/itch!"
In truth, that person didn't say anything back, because they were in a rush to their next class.
But you assumed that it was because they were an unfriendly person.
That's the Fundamental Attribution Error.
When we underestimate the situation, and how situations can affect another person's behavior.
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lol, but yeah that makes more sense =) thanks again!!! you've been a huuge help to me this year in Psychology! I've got the AP psych exam coming up May 6th and the deadline to finish all my work by this Friday so i'm really nervous hoping i've retained the information i need .. =o but i'm soo thankful to have had your help so much this year =) thanks again =)