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The text below is from the charter of the United Nations: WE THE PEOPLES OF THE UNITED NATIONS DETERMINED to save succeeding generations from the [destruction] of war, which twice in our lifetime has brought untold sorrow to mankind, and to reaffirm faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person, in the equal rights of men and women and of nations large and small, and to establish conditions under which justice and respect for the obligations arising from treaties and other sources of international law can be maintained, and to promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom, AND FOR THESE ENDS to practice tolerance and live together in peace with one another as good neighbours, and to unite our strength to maintain international peace and security, and to ensure, by the acceptance of principles and the institution of methods, that armed force shall not be used, save in the common interest, and to employ international machinery for the promotion of the economic and social advancement of all peoples. Source: http://www.un.org/en/documents/charter/preamble.shtml Based on this excerpt, what was the member nations' stance on war and use of armed force? War declared on one member nation has no bearing on the other members. War is justified if the group's shared goals are being threatened. War for any purpose is unnecessary and inhumane. War places too much of a financial burden on nations and should be avoided. Question 8 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) (MC) In 1992, presidential candidate H. Ross Perot said that signing the NAFTA agreement would produce a "giant sucking sound" in the United States. What was he referring to? loss of American jobs increase in American exports decrease in American imports loss of illegal immigrants Question 9 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) (MC) Which of the following was one effect of President Johnson's Great Society? A national healthcare system was created. Poverty was reduced in the United States. Labor unions gained membership and political power. Environmental protections were increased significantly. Question 10 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points) (LC) What was the central goal of the National Organization for Women (NOW)? expanding women's reproductive freedoms increasing women's representation in Congress ending domestic violence and sexual harassment achieving political and economic equality for women Question 11 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points) (LC) Which Supreme Court ruling represented a victory for the women's rights movement? Roe v. Wade Miranda v. Arizona Illinois v. Escobedo New York Times v. United States Question 12 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (HC) Why did the passing of atomic secrets to the Soviet Union by the Rosenbergs represent a significant threat to the United States? It meant that the Soviet Union would be able to make a direct nuclear attack on the U.S. mainland. It meant that the Soviet Union would be able to develop defenses to stop U.S. nuclear attacks on Soviet territory. It meant that the United States would no longer be the only nation on earth with control over atomic weapons. It meant that the United States and the Soviet Union would be likely to exchange atomic bomb attacks in the Korean War.