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Question 21 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (MC)Which statement explains why the Senate did not ratify the Treaty of Versailles? resistance to its harsh treatment of Germany objections to helping pay for Europe to rebuild a rise in isolationist sentiment in the United States a failure to include disarmament of the warring powers Question 22 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) (LC)When the United States entered World War I, it supported the military efforts of which of these pairs of nations? Turkey and Italy Russia and Poland Britain and France Germany and Austria-Hungary Question 23 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) (LC)Which of these was created during World War I to help coordinate the economy during wartime? Creel Committee War Industries Board Department of Commerce National Recovery Administration Question 24 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (MC)Members of which group(s) were granted U.S. citizenship as a result of World War I? Native Americans who worked in wartime industries Puerto Ricans who were drafted into the U.S. Army Jewish refugees who fled from Germany to the United States British and French soldiers who immigrated to the United States after the war Question 25 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (MC)Which factor contributed to the entry of the United States into World War I? the imminent collapse of the Allies’ defenses German submarine attacks on American ships overwhelming public support for the war effort Mexico’s declaration of war on the United States Question 26 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points) (HC)The image below is a poster distributed by the government during World War I: Public Domain What factor made this type of poster a necessity? the uncertainty of the war’s outcome the difficulty of paying for the war effort the desire to turn U.S. citizens against Germany the fear of a German invasion of the United States Question 27 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) (LC)What factor contributed the most to the Depression of 1920–21? speculation demobilization foreign imports tariff reductions Question 28 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) (LC)Which U.S. acquisition was considered to have the best harbor in the Pacific for large naval vessels? Fiji Tahiti New Zealand Hawaii Question 29 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (MC)The map below shows the location of Guam: Public Domain What was the United States’ principal use of Guam in the late 19th century and early 20th century? as a location for U.S. owned tropical fruit farms as a source of rubber and oil for U.S. businesses as a prison camp for soldiers captured in the Spanish-American War as a refueling station for U.S. ships traveling to the Philippines Question 30 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (MC)For which of the following strategic reasons did the United States acquire the Midway Islands? to spread Christian and democratic ideals to the citizens living in the Midway Islands to build naval protection against rivals as the United States increased trade with Asia and Latin America to increase overseas trade to keep the country’s economy strong following a severe depression to slow the spread of European countries’ influence in the Pacific Islands Question 31 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) (LC)The photo below shows future president, Theodore Roosevelt, with the troops he commanded in the Spanish-American War: Public Domain What nickname did this group of soldiers have? Victory Brigade the Rough Riders Roosevelt’s Raiders the San Juan Hill Gang Question 32 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points) (HC)The table below shows the unemployment rate in the United States from 1918 through 1921: Year Unemployment Rate 1918 1.4 1919 1.4 1920 5.2 1921 11.7 Which factor explains the trend shown in the table? economic competition from Europe after World War I demobilization of U.S. soldiers after World War I a spike in immigration to the United States after World War I a sudden dropoff in government spending after World War I Question 33 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (MC)Which of these groups faced the most discrimination in the United States during World War I? Jewish Americans Native Americans German Americans Japanese Americans Question 34 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) (LC)Which weapon caused the fewest casualties in World War I? machine gun artillery airplane bayonet