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(Multiple Choice Worth 5 points) (01.06 MC)Which of the following was a consequence of the collapse of the Western Roman Empire? The Byzantine Empire flourished. The Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Churches merged. The Byzantine Empire adopted Christianity as the official religion. The Byzantine Empire collapsed. Question 2 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points) (01.07 MC)Which of the following did not contribute to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire? barbarian invasions political disintegration economic collapse pagan idol worship Question 3 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points) (01.04 MC)Which of the following best describes the architectural style of the Islamic Golden Age? Few buildings were constructed, as architecture was frowned upon during the Islamic Golden Age. Buildings tended to be decorated with both Christian and Islamic symbols. Buildings were designed without walls so that worshippers could be seen praying outside. Buildings tended to be ornately decorated with geometric patterns. Question 4 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points) (01.04 MC)Which of the following most directly contributed to the spread of the Muslim faith in the Islamic Empire? the founding of the House of Wisdom the levying of the jizya the construction of Baghdad as the capital city the publishing of One Thousand and One Nights Question 5 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points) (01.02 MC)Which of the following best describes the significance of hajj for Muslims? It serves as a test of whether their faith can endure hardship. It serves as a day of rest and worship. It is a way to honor the pilgrimage their founder made. It is a way to make sure all food is prepared properly. Question 6 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points) (01.07 MC)Which of the following occurred under the reign of Süleyman I of the Ottoman Empire? Constaninople was conquered allowing Islamic armies to enter Eastern Europe. The Ottomans conquered Persia and expanded eastward into Central Asia. Belgrade and Hungary became part of the Ottoman Empire. European Christians were forced to convert to Islam. Question 7 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points) (01.07 MC)Which of the following is an example of the blending of Byzantine and Ottoman culture following the rise of the Ottoman Turks? The Ottomans encouraged Christians to continue practicing their faith in the conquered lands. The Ottomans converted the Hagia Sophia church into a grand Mosque. The Ottomans refused to make Islam the established religion for the Empire The Ottoman Sultan was also made the head of the Orthodox Church. Question 8 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points) (01.05 MC)The timeline below shows key events and people in the history of the Byzantine Empire. Use the timeline to answer the following question: © 2012 FLVS Which of the following correctly completes the timeline? The first Justinian code is issued. St. Basil reforms the monasteries. St. Simeon Stylites sits atop a pillar. Anna Comnena writes a history book. Question 9 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points) (01.03 MC)What was the effect of Mamluk warriors pushing into India? The Delhi Sultanate was formed. Muslim armies from the south pushed north into Asia. Muslim Mongol nomads settled in India with their herds. Hinduism became the dominant religion in India. Question 10 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points) (01.03 MC) Use the image to answer the following question: (c) PLC / Photolibrary / Universal Images Group/ Image Quest 2013 The Tomb of the Shahi Kings is an example of how architecture in India was inspired by Byzantine influence in the region. Bedouin influence in the region. Christian influence in the region. Islamic influence in the region. Question 11 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points) (01.03 MC)The image below is from the Spanish city of Cordoba. Use the image to answer the following question: © 2012 Thinkstock Which of the following conclusions can be drawn from the existence of this type of art in Spain today? The Western Roman Empire was entirely Islamic. Spanish Christians rejected Islamic influence. At one point Spain was part of the Islamic world. Christianity was outlawed in Spain. Question 12 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points) (01.03 MC)After the Moguls defeated the Islamic state in India during the 16th century, the Islamic religion advanced into Central Asia was kept out of Central Asia was forced out of India became the predominant religion of India Question 13 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points) (01.05 HC)Use this excerpt from the Corpus Iuris Civilis (Justinian's Law Code) to answer the following question: With the aid of God governing Our Empire, which was delivered to Us by His Celestial Majesty, We carry on war successfully. We adorn peace and maintain the Constitution of the State, and have such confidence in the protection of Almighty God that We do not depend upon Our arms, or upon Our soldiers, or upon those who conduct Our Wars, or upon Our own genius, but We solely, place Our reliance upon the providence of the Holy Trinity, from which are derived the elements of the entire world and their disposition throughout the globe. —Public Domain From this excerpt of the prologue of the Corpus Iuris Civilis, what departure from older Roman traditions is clear? The laws show that the empire has developed a bureaucracy that makes normal soldiering unnecessary. The law now honors Christianity as a central part of the Empire's existence. The law explains that the Roman Empire is using war to spread Roman ideas. The law has replaced old social class divisions with an egalitarian church. Question 14 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points) (01.02 LC)The lines below express a belief recited by followers of Islam. “All praise is due to ALLAH alone, Lord of all the worlds. The Gracious, the Merciful. Master of the day of Judgment.” In which of the following do these lines appear? Bible Qur'an Sutras Torah Question 15 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points) (01.05 LC)Who was the power behind the throne during Justinian's reign? Belisarius Augustus Sophia Theodora Question 16 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points) (01.05 MC)Which statement describes a point of continuity between the Roman and Byzantine empires? Both empires shared similar laws and traditions. Both empires originated in Western Europe. Both empires required all citizens to be fluent in Latin. Both empires considered the emperor the ultimate religious authority. Question 17 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points) (01.06 LC)The following map shows the Byzantine Empire in 565 AD (CE), 1020 AD (CE), and 1360 AD (CE). Use the map to answer the following question: © 2012 The Exploration Company At its height, the Byzantine Empire controlled which of the following waterways? the Atlantic Ocean the Mediterranean Sea the Dnieper River the Northern Sea Question 18 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points) (01.06 LC)The following map shows the Byzantine Empire in 565 AD (CE), 1020 AD (CE), and 1360 AD (CE). Use the map to answer the following question: © 2012 The Exploration Company Which of the following was not part of the Byzantine Empire at its height in the sixth century AD (CE)? Northern Africa Southern Spain Northern France Southern Italy Question 19 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points) (01.05 MC)How did the excommunication of Emperor Leo III affect the Roman Empire during the eighth century? It was a major break in relations between the East and the West. It represented a victory for the iconoclasts. It led to a truce between iconoclasts and anti-iconoclasts. It led to an overthrow of the Western Roman Empire. Question 20 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points) (01.05 MC)Which of the following would have been a source for dispute between the Eastern and Western Churches in the 11th century? claiming the pope was the highest Christian authority seeking to convert others to Christianity determining the day of the week on which the Sabbath fell continuing the practice of baptism Question 21 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points) (01.02 MC)What do the three Abrahamic faiths—Christianity, Islam, and Judaism—have in common? All bar the worship of idols. All believe that Jesus was the messiah. All have specific sacraments. All believe the Hadith is sacred. Question 22 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points) (01.02 MC)Which of the following is believed by Christians but not Muslims? Jesus was a true prophet of God. Jesus rose from the dead. Followers should uphold the Ten Commandments. Followers should fast on certain days. Question 23 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points) (01.05 LC)Why was Constantinople called “New Rome”? Constantine the Great built the city to resemble Rome, the center of the Western Roman Empire. Constantinople was geographically close to Rome, the center of the Western Roman Empire. Constantine the Great did not recognize the existence of “Old Rome” and sought to re-invent it. The Christian Church and “Old Rome” leaders had moved to Constantinople. Question 24 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points) (01.03 MC)What impact did the Frankish leader Charles Martel have on Christian Europe's relations with Muslim Spain in the eighth century? He negotiated a clear border between Spain and France. He stopped the Muslim advance from Spain into France. He welcomed ambassadors and scholars from Moorish Spain. He established a Christian kingdom in a corner of northern Spain. Question 25 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points) (01.03 MC)In 1198 CE, Pope Innocent III gave the merchants of Venice, Italy, a license to trade with the Muslims of the Holy Land. What can be inferred from this fact? The Crusades introduced Europeans to the wealth of the Muslim world. During this time, Europe was not entirely hostile to Muslims. The merchants risked being interfered with by Crusaders or pirates. Pope Innocent III was opposed to the continuation of the Crusades. Question 26 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points) (01.03 MC)The following is a passage from William Stearns Davis, ed., Readings in Ancient History: Illustrative Extracts from the Sources, 2 Vols. “Baghdad was a veritable City of Palaces, not made of stucco and mortar, but of marble. The buildings were usually of several stories. The palaces and mansions were lavishly gilded and decorated, and hung with beautiful tapestry and hangings of brocade or silk. The rooms were lightly and tastefully furnished with luxurious divans, costly tables, unique Chinese vases and gold and silver ornaments.” —Medieval Sourcebook. Paul Halsall, Fordham University, 1998. The depiction of the city of Baghdad by the author highlights the extravagant spending habits of the Ummayad Caliphate. architectural majesty built under the Abbasid Caliphate. trade accomplishments achieved by the Ummayad Caliphate. evidence of slave labor used by the Abbasid Caliphate. Question 27 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points) (01.04 MC)Suppose an archeologist finds a 10th-century gold coin from the Abbasid Caliphate in a Viking grave in Norway, thousands of miles away. For what purpose is the coin most useful as a primary source? evidence about 10th-century trade networks information about where Abbasids obtained gold details about the lives of Viking slaves in Baghdad calculation of the value of Abbasid money Question 28 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points) (01.04 MC)The establishment of the university of Al-Azhar in Cairo, Egypt is an example of the Islamic empire’s forceful attempt to convert non-Muslim scholars. emphasis on the value of learning and knowledge in the Islamic empire. scholarly competition between Muslim and non-Muslim academics. wasteful spending the Islamic empire poured into the arts. Question 29 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points) (01.04 MC)The following excerpt is from the Nizamu'l Mulk: On the Cortiers and Familiars of Kings (cortiers are noble people who advise or befriend royalty). Use the excerpt to answer the following question: No king can be without worthy courtiers with whom he may be at his ease and behave without restraint. For the constant society of dignitaries, of princes, and of generals, by emboldening them, detracts from the dignity and majesty of the sovereign. Speaking generally, the king should not make a familiar of anyone whom he has appointed to office, for the reason that the freedom which he enjoys on the king's carpet may lead him to practise extortion and so do harm to the king's subjects. The governor of a province should for ever stand in awe of the king, while the courtier must be ever at his ease, so that the king may derive pleasure from him and the kingly mind find relaxation through him. They should have a fixed time for one another; and it should be after the king has held audience and the great officers have all departed. —Public Domain What can be deduced about a king's behavior as described in this excerpt? The king must follow a very precise series of rules for behavior. The king should become friendly with those he appoints to office. The king can do anything he likes. The king must stand in awe of provincial governors. Question 30 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points) (01.03 MC)The map below shows some of the earliest events in Muslim history. Use the map to answer the following question: Public Domain Which of the following can be deduced about the history of Islam from observing the map? Early Muslims were reluctant to expand the faith. Not all early Muslims were true believers. The Islamic faith was carried across regions by righteous caliphs. Islam spread from Europe to Africa and Asia. Question 31 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points) (01.03 MC)The map below shows some of the earliest events in Muslim history. Use the map to answer the following question: Public Domain What does the map reveal about the expansion of early Islam? The righteous caliphs journeyed to the kingdom of Axum before going to Sana. Most of Muhammad's journeys originated from Medina. Muhammad migrated after spending several years teaching in Sana. The righteous caliphs refused to enter the Byzantine Empire. Question 32 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points) (01.05 MC)Use the image of Constantine the Great and the Roman sun god to answer the following question: Public Domain What does this image suggest about Constantine? He objected to the use of Christian imagery. He attempted to integrate Muslim and Christian ideas. He understood that he ruled an empire with many faiths. He required that his close advisors convert to Christianity. Question 33 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points) (01.07 MC)In what way did the Christian Crusades contribute to the decline of the Byzantine Empire? Financing the Crusades proved to be an impossible burden for the Byzantine treasury. Latin Crusaders turned against the Byzantines, leading to the loss of much territory. The Byzantine army lost many of its leading knights when they left to fight in the Crusades. Nations that were not joining the Crusades attacked Byzantium when it was occupied in the east. Question 34 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points) (01.07 HC)What event was the most significant in damaging the strength of the Byzantine Empire during the Crusades? The Seljuk Turks captured Palestine and Jerusalem from the Crusaders. The Latin migration to Constantinople caused religious rifts in Byzantine society. The Venetian takeover of Byzantine trade routes deprived the empire of wheat from the Ukraine. Alexius failed to deal with the Venetians and other Crusaders after he enlisted their help. Question 35 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points) (01.06 MC)Which of the following does not represent an architectural advancement brought about by the Byzantine Empire? the construction of an aqueduct the construction of triumphal arches in the Milion the construction of a hippodrome the construction of a theatre Question 36 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points) (01.06 MC)Which of the following concepts was suggested by elements of Justinian's legal code? women's rights class equality racial equality rule by democracy
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By looking at the areas depicted on the map, what observation can be made about the spread of the Islamic faith empire? Islamic expansion occurred rapidly into southern Spain and North Africa. Areas of southern Spain and North Africa instituted strict Islamic policies. The spread of the Islamic faith took place over a long period of time. The Islamic faith expanded into areas with different languages and religions
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