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1. The structure of the Articles of Confederation neglected the principle "separation of powers" because it did not create a separate judicial branch reflected the principle "separation of powers" through its three separate branches of government made a legislative branch and a strong executive in line with the principle "separation of powers" created a single strong legislative branch in line with the principle "separation of powers" 2. Which of the following explains the outcome and significance of the McCulloch v. Maryland case? The Supreme Court decided in favor of McCulloch, that the state of Maryland could not operate a state bank nor did it have the power to tax state businesses. The Supreme Court decided in favor of McCulloch, that the United States could operate a national bank and states cannot tax the national government. The Supreme Court decided in favor of Maryland, that the state of Maryland could operate banks outside its state borders and tax the national government. The Supreme Court decided in favor of Maryland, that the United States had no power to operate a national bank in any territory of a state government. 3. "If mankind were to resolve to agree in no institution of government, until every part of it had been adjusted to the most exact standard of perfection, society would soon become a general scene of anarchy, and the world a desert."—Alexander Hamilton Which of the following makes a true statement about the quote? Hamilton is an Anti-federalist making a case for changes to the Constitution before the states vote on ratification. Hamilton is an Anti-federalist making a case for immediate ratification of the Constitution without any changes. Hamilton is a Federalist making a case for changes to the Constitution before the states vote on ratification. Hamilton is a Federalist making a case for immediate ratification of the Constitution without any changes. 4. Which of the following grievances from the Declaration of Independence reflects the principle of social contract? "He has refused his Assent to Laws, the most wholesome and necessary for the public good." "He has affected to render the Military independent of and superior to the Civil power." "For cutting off our Trade with all parts of the world." "For imposing Taxes on us without our Consent." 5. How does the U.S. Constitution reflect the principle of democracy? It creates a republic government, which is the same as democracy. Most of the people can elect leaders and petition the government. It creates a republic form of government run by only a few officials. Most of the people have no role or effect on the legislative branch 6. The U.S. Constitution reflects the principle of individual rights because the framers added a Bill of Rights through the amendment process the framers gave people the right to abolish the executive branch it lists the natural rights of life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness it lists the powers of government that belong to the people 7. Article I of the U.S. Constitution reflects the principle of republicanism because it describes the executive branch, appointed by the senior member of the judicial branch executive branch, selected by the voters through a specially designed process legislative branch, made up of representatives elected by the people of each state legislative branch, made up of representatives appointed by the governor of each state 8. Expressed powers are delegated powers of the state governments delegated powers of the national government implied powers of the state governments implied powers of the national government 9. Popular sovereignty means that officials only make laws that are approved by people educated in law independence is not granted by a ruler but agreed upon by the people people who receive the most attention from others should have power government authority comes from the people and is subject to their will 10. Republicanism is similar to the idea of representative democracy because both describe forms of government where people vote on all choices refer to people electing leaders to make government decisions mean a form of government where the executive is supreme explain why people choose not to participate in government