Use the correct form of the verb ser or estar:
Ellas __________ muy tristes.
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MIT 21F Spanish I - IV (OCW)
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Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio cumque nihil impedit quo minus id quod maxime placeat facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus.
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They are very sad.
Hint: Use estar when it is a state of the subject, something that is not permanent . Use ser when it is a quality of the subject (and normally a quality is permanent).
She is tired (is to be tired a quality or a specific state?) She is clever (is to be clever a quality or a specific state?). Ask the same question with "sad". One is always sad or there are moments one is sad?
Ser is to describe a permanent fact about someone. Like their nationality, height, skin color, etc. For example: "Nosotros somos chicas mexicanas." We are Mexican girls, a fact about ourselves that we can't change.
Estar is used to describe temporary over ever-changing facts, such as emotions, health, and place. For example: "Ella esta en la tienda." She is in the store, but twenty minutes from now she will be home.