Scientific theories are explanations for scientific phenomena that can be changed when and if new information is found to support or refute the explanation. Which of the following statements provides an example of a scientific theory?
An object at rest will remain at rest unless acted on by an outside force.
Species evolve by passing on advantageous hereditary traits.
For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction.
In a closed system, energy is neither created nor destroyed.
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A: Its newton 1st Law
B: Darwin theory
C: Newton 3rd law
D: I think thats the 1st law of thermodynamics
@christosam, the point of the question seems to be to show you the difference between a 'scientific law' and a 'scientific theory'. The list you see in your question shows 3 laws but only 1 theory and it's up to you to find which one is the theory.
The difference is mainly that a theory is 'the best explanation covering all the facts we've observed sofar', while a law is something that has been proven and may be considered 'a fact'. Laws usually are constant and do not change, theories may have to be adapted if new and previously unobserved facts will emerge. Hope his helps...