Which one of these characterizes a hydrophilic substance, a substance that is easily mixed with water?
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A. Substances that are polar in nature. The reason is because when something is polar it has a positive and a negative end. In water there is autoionization which means the water splits into H+ and OH- and reforms into H20 spontaneously. Since this occurs a polar molecule will attract to the ionized water, the plus side of the molecule will atractive hydroxides (OH-) and the minus side of the molecule will attract hydrogen ions (H+). :)
polar means a separation of charge, these can also be partial charges (denoted by a lower case delta (\(\delta\)), like in water.|dw:1377624198578:dw|
polar substances become surrounded/enveloped by the water molecules and thus is homogenized.