• anonymous
How did the Colony of Plymouth and Mass. Bay Colony contribute to the origins of american independence and government?
  • Stacey Warren - Expert
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  • jamiebookeater
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  • Nurali
Both of those colonies were formed by Puritans. The Puritans, while not technically kicked out of England, were certainly very unpopular because they had been very closely tied up in the English Civil War shortly before that. I don't know that you could say they were being "repressed" or "persecuted", but they didn't like the way England was run religiously by the Anglican church or politically by the king and parliament. They came to the New World to set up a government and way of life as they envisioned it ought to be (essentially a world with sex, no games, no singing, and no fun in general). They weren't tolerant by any stretch of the imagination, but they certainly helped lay the foundation for religious freedom by declaring that they were going to found a place where they could worship as they wished. Additionally, they tended to have a more democratic church organization and a sort of crude judicial system which also influenced American governmental development. You might like to note, however, that the more southern colonies, Jamestown for example, were founded not by people looking for freedom, but by people looking to make money. Specifically, trading companies set up several colonies in the New World which were meant to find valuable resources.
  • Nurali
The Pilgrims were in fact the 17th century equivalent of squatters. Their original charter granted them settlement in Virginia and not Massachucetts. Upon arriving in Plymouth, the sepratist Pilgrims drew up their own set of rules for the governance of the colony. Their justification for doing so was that they were outside the bonds of their charter and therefore free to set up their own government, effectively laying the foundations for a logical justification separating them from English power.
  • Nurali
It was at Plymouth where each colonist was finally given the responsibility for a portion of land, rejecting a communal approach. This gave each settler an opportunity to profit according to his own efforts. In short, capitalism began there.

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