What is a silencer? Is it present upstream or downstream of a promoter? Does each gene seq always have a silencer? ( like promoter is required for transcription)
Stacey Warren - Expert brainly.com
Hey! We 've verified this expert answer for you, click below to unlock the details :)
At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint occaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga.
Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio cumque nihil impedit quo minus id quod maxime placeat facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus.
Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat.
I got my questions answered at brainly.com in under 10 minutes. Go to brainly.com now for free help!
A silencer is a DNA sequence some distance from the transcription start site, where a repressor of transcription may bind.
In addition to the six general transcription factors eukaryotic cells contain many other proteins that interact with DNA and other transcription factors that repress or stimulate transcription of class 2 genes (genes transcribed by RNAP II). The regulatory proteins are known as activators and repressors, and their target DNA sites are known as enhancers and silencers, respectively. An enhancer is not typically essential for transcription unlike promoters however enhancers greatly increase the rate of transcription. Enhancers or silencers do not need or have a fixed position and orientations unlike promoters which are always a short distance from the transcription start site. Many enhancers are located upstream of transcribed sequences, the proteins that bind to them are often called upstream transcription factors. A good example originated from the insulin producing genes researched by William Rutter.