The natural process of heat is from a HOT place TO a COLD place:
But how does the air conditioner work as it does? Since the air conditioner throws heat from a COLD place TO a HOT place? How was it able to violate the natural process of heat?
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Do you know what a radiator is?
We'll essentially a fan forces air through slits between pipes that have a cold fluid running through them. As the warmer-than-fluid air passes through these slits, heat flows from the air through the pipe into the fluid, with the overall effect of cooling the air.|dw:1378530998018:dw|
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The air conditioner and the refrigerator can achieve this non-spontaneous transfer, only because there is an external input of energy (usually some work done by a compressor) in the cycle.
That's what you call a machine in thermodynamics.
It's like saying: bodies should always come down and not up. How can an escalator work?
Well, in that case, there is also an external source of energy (a mechanical machine) that allows the system to bring you up to the second floor.