A community for students.
Here's the question you clicked on:
 0 viewing
Concentrationalizing
 one year ago
Convert the triple integral into spherical coordinates.
Concentrationalizing
 one year ago
Convert the triple integral into spherical coordinates.

This Question is Closed

Concentrationalizing
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0\[\int\limits_{2}^{2}\int\limits_{\sqrt{4x^{2}}}^{\sqrt{4x^{2}}}\int\limits_{x^{2}+y^{2}}^{4}xdzdydx\]

RolyPoly
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1I think you are integrating in this region. Not quite sure. dw:1389713649402:dw

Concentrationalizing
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0Thats what I get, yes. But the problem is more about knowing how to do the conversions, not the actual integration. I was able to get it into cylindrical coordinates, just didnt know how to do it properly with spherical.

RolyPoly
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1dw:1389713913315:dw

RolyPoly
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1Obviously, \(0\le r\le 4\) and \(0\le \theta \le 2\pi\)

Concentrationalizing
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0Mmm....0 <= r <= 2

RolyPoly
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1Epic fail.... Yes Yes... Sorry :(

Concentrationalizing
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0No worries, lol.

RolyPoly
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1dw:1389714352578:dw

RolyPoly
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1So, we have \[\tan \phi = \frac{2}{4}\]\[\phi = ... = \phi_{\text{max}}\] \[0\le\phi\le\phi_{\text{max}}\]

Concentrationalizing
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0Oh wow x_x I feel dumb now, lol. Im so new to these things, so not used to the thought process. For some reason I never thought to just make that triangle from the cone. Okay, so that gets me half of the answer. Now Im trying to see if I can derive the other half.

RolyPoly
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1I am soooo dumb. I consider myself as quite new to this, although not so new... Good luck!

Concentrationalizing
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0So, what Im trying to find out now is how they have two integrals in the answer. p is between 0 and 4sec(phi) for the first integral and phi is in between 0 and arctan(1/2). But then theres a 2nd integral that is added that has the range of p going from 0 to cot(phi)*csc(phi) and phi going from arctan(1/2) to pi/2. Im trying to see how to derive that part now.

Concentrationalizing
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0@RolyPoly think youd be able to figure out this last part, too?

RolyPoly
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1Why does it look so complicated?! :S

RolyPoly
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1What is the \(\phi_{\text{max}}\) you get?

Concentrationalizing
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0Im not sure how id get a phi max here. I just know that phi would be arctan(1/2), im not sure how to find another value for it.

RolyPoly
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1\[\phi_{\text{max}} = \tan^{1}(\frac{1}{2})\] And the range of \(\phi\) is \(0\le\phi\le\phi_{\text{max}}\)

Concentrationalizing
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0Yes, that part I have, but then there is a second integral. Here, this is what the answer says: \[\int\limits_{0}^{2 \pi}\int\limits_{0}^{\arctan(1/2)}\int\limits_{0}^{4 \sec \phi} \rho^{3} \sin^{2} \phi \cos \theta d \rho d \phi d \theta + \int\limits_{0}^{2 \pi}\int\limits_{\arctan(1/2)}^{\frac{ \pi }{ 2 }}\int\limits_{0}^{\cot \phi \csc \phi} \rho^{3} \sin^{2} \phi \cos \phi d \rho d \phi d \theta\]

RolyPoly
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1Must you write in this.... ugly form?

Concentrationalizing
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0Im sorry. Im just trying to answer this question......

RolyPoly
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1What is the exact question?

Concentrationalizing
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0To convert the triple integral into cylindrical and spherical coordinates and then compute the integral. I was just having trouble understanding the answer for the spherical coordinates conversion. Sure I can see the answer, but Im not sure how it was derived. The triangle on the cone earlier helped me understand the first integral, but I dont understand where the second integral comes from now.

RolyPoly
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1Actually you need not write that ugly thing, I think. Let me double check something first.

RolyPoly
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1Do you agree that this is the region? dw:1389717244057:dw

Concentrationalizing
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0I figured it was the cone portion, yes.

RolyPoly
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1Ok, then no matter in which coordinate system, the cone is the region we want to integrate, right?

Concentrationalizing
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0Yes. I think I can integrate it okay, but I just need to know how it got what it did for the spherical coordinate interpretation.

RolyPoly
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1Do you have problems in understanding why \(\rho\) changes from 0 to 2 and \(\theta\) changes from 0 to \(2\pi\)?

RolyPoly
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1And \(\phi\) changes from 0 to \(\tan^{1}(\frac{1}{2})\) as well.

Concentrationalizing
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0I dont understand the second integral in the answer I posted. How rho goes from 0 to cot(phi)csc(phi) and how phi goes from arctan(1/2) to pi/2

RolyPoly
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1Must you use that to integrate? It is really ugly and not necessary to do that step..

Concentrationalizing
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0Its not required to integrate it, you just have to know how to derive it. The problem can be integrated using any coordinate system, but you still have to know how to convert it to all of them.

RolyPoly
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1What if I can integrating it using spherical coordinates without getting to that step?

RolyPoly
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1I mean to write that integral in spherical coordinates.

Concentrationalizing
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0I just need to know where that second integral even comes from. I mean sure, if you know how to do it another way thats fine, but Id rather understand the answer first.

RolyPoly
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1If you insist, that's fine. Are you sure that you type that correctly? \[\int\limits_{0}^{2 \pi}\int\limits_{0}^{\arctan(1/2)}\int\limits_{0}^{4 \sec \phi} \rho^{3} \sin^{2} \phi \cos \theta d \rho d \phi d \theta + \int\limits_{0}^{2 \pi}\int\limits_{\arctan(1/2)}^{\frac{ \pi }{ 2 }}\int\limits_{0}^{\cot \phi \csc \phi} \rho^{3} \sin^{2} \phi \cos \phi d \rho d \phi d \theta\]?

RolyPoly
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1For changing the coordinates, all you need is to find the new limits and the Jacobian. I just don't understand why you insist on understand that answer instead of finding the limits by drawing a picture, which is way easier. Are you sure that it is \(\rho^3\sin^2\phi\cos\phi\) for the second integral?

Concentrationalizing
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0The jacobian is in the section after the one Im in. And yeah, it should be cos theta for the second integral, my bad.

RolyPoly
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1How do you know you need to multiply \(\rho ^2 \sin\phi\) to the integral then?

Concentrationalizing
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0Its in the basic conversion to spherical coordinates. There is no explanation really as to why its that, but it says to add an extra r to cylindrical and an extra p^2sin(phi) to spherical. Perhaps the jacobian explains why, but im not there yet.

experimentX
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1let \[ f(x) = \int_{\sqrt{4x^2}}^{\sqrt{4x^2}} \int_{x^2+y^2}^4 x dy dz\] first of all note that \( f(x) = f(x) \) \[ f(x) = \int_{\sqrt{4(x)^2}}^{\sqrt{4(x)^2}} \int_{(x)^2+y^2}^4 (x) dy dz = \int_{\sqrt{4x^2}}^{\sqrt{4x^2}} \int_{x^2+y^2}^4 x dy dz = f(x)\] for odd functions \[ \int_{a}^a f(x) dx = 0\]

Concentrationalizing
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0Well, thats the integral evaluated yes, but I guess all I really needed to understand was that spherical answer I posted. How that conversion was derived. In the long run it may not be important, but I at least want to understand it since it was one of my problems.

RolyPoly
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1Consider the black triangle dw:1389718930585:dw

RolyPoly
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1We get \[\cos\phi = \frac{4}{r}\]\[r=\frac{4}{\cos\phi}=4 \sec\phi\]

Concentrationalizing
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0Mhm, thats rho in the first integral, I managed that part, lol.

RolyPoly
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1And \(\phi\) in the first part dw:1389719149953:dw

Concentrationalizing
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0Yes, arctan(1/2) because of the sides of the black triangle you drew.

Concentrationalizing
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0I gotta go :/ If either of you can explain that 2nd integral in the answer I posted, then please do and post it for me. Thanks for your time.

RolyPoly
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1@Spacelimbus Sir, sorry for tagging you here. Here's the problem: Show that \[\int\limits_{2}^{2}\int\limits_{\sqrt{4x^{2}}}^{\sqrt{4x^{2}}}\int\limits_{x^{2}+y^{2}}^{4}xdzdydx\]\[=\int\limits_{0}^{2 \pi}\int\limits_{0}^{\arctan(1/2)}\int\limits_{0}^{4 \sec \phi} \rho^{3} \sin^{2} \phi \cos \theta d \rho d \phi d \theta + \int\limits_{0}^{2 \pi}\int\limits_{\arctan(1/2)}^{\frac{ \pi }{ 2 }}\int\limits_{0}^{\cot \phi \csc \phi} \rho^{3} \sin^{2} \phi \cos \phi d \rho d \phi d \theta\] We have problem in understanding the second integral on the right. Please give us if possible. Thanks in advance!

RolyPoly
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1Amendment to the fifth line. The fourth and the fifth line should be \[\int\limits_{2}^{2}\int\limits_{\sqrt{4x^{2}}}^{\sqrt{4x^{2}}}\int\limits_{x^{2}+y^{2}}^{4}xdzdydx\]\[=\int\limits_{0}^{2 \pi}\int\limits_{0}^{\arctan(1/2)}\int\limits_{0}^{4 \sec \phi} \rho^{3} \sin^{2} \phi \cos \theta d \rho d \phi d \theta + \int\limits_{0}^{2 \pi}\int\limits_{\arctan(1/2)}^{\frac{ \pi }{ 2 }}\int\limits_{0}^{\cot \phi \csc \phi} \rho^{3} \sin^{2} \phi \cos \theta d \rho d \phi d \theta\]

Spacelimbus
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0I will take a look into this in a few, seems to take a while to play with the limits of integration to get it in the desired form.

RolyPoly
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1I also have to go now. Will check this post again as soon as possible.

experimentX
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1dw:1389729705792:dw

experimentX
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1dw:1389729892139:dwdw:1389729934880:dw solve \[ x^2 + y^2 + z^2 =r^2 \\ z = x^2 +y^2\] for 'r' and obtain \( r = \cot(\phi) \csc(\phi) \) easy way, since it is symmetric on theta, put theta = 0. then put x=r sin(phi), z=r cos(phi) and solve.

Concentrationalizing
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0Alrighty. So why is the second integral necessary? Iwouldve thought that just the first integral wouldve covered it all, but for some reason two integrals were needed. Do you know why? @experimentX ?

experimentX
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1this is due to two different values of 'r' in two different regions. for one region you have 4sec(phi) and for other you have cot(phi)csc(phi) dw:1389785515049:dwdw:1389785535697:dw

experimentX
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1note that in first region r goes from to to .. that straight line, on the second region ... r goes from 0 to that parabola.

Mendicant_Bias
 6 months ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0What we're graphing is a paraboloid with a circular crosssection, right? The thing that initially confused me, looking at the first few posts, is that a cone is depicted.
Ask your own question
Sign UpFind more explanations on OpenStudy
Your question is ready. Sign up for free to start getting answers.
spraguer
(Moderator)
5
→ View Detailed Profile
is replying to Can someone tell me what button the professor is hitting...
23
 Teamwork 19 Teammate
 Problem Solving 19 Hero
 Engagement 19 Mad Hatter
 You have blocked this person.
 ✔ You're a fan Checking fan status...
Thanks for being so helpful in mathematics. If you are getting quality help, make sure you spread the word about OpenStudy.