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It's funny - I'm a chrsitan and my pap a muslim......and I know nothing about it lol-However, I can give you a link http://www.muslimphilosophy.com/ip/rep/H007.htm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islam
Assalam Walikum, I’d be glad to have a religion discussion with you but to answer your question, the Quran and the Hadith (by Sahih Al Bukhari) are the most two doctrinal foundations used by Islam. The Quran, in Muslims view, is believed to be the final testament to the human beings sent by Allah (SWT) and written by Mohammed (PBUH). It’s the divine guidance to every Muslim and every Muslim must perform the Quranic advices on their daily life. The Quran teaches many things, similar to the Torah and the Bible like what’s wrong and what’s right, in the Muslim faith, it represents it as Halal or Haram. Yet, some teachings differ from the bible. The Quran is highly famous and popular regarding its fine poetic unchallenging thick proses. Yet, no one till now had made similar strong poetic proses as the Quran. You’ll see some researchers saying that people back then were great poets (they’ll start siting some old Arabian literature such as “One Thousand and One Nights”) but I’ll guarantee you, those literatures is nothing compared to the Quran. If you want to read more about some Islamic literature, I recommend reading “Anthology of Islamic Literature” by James Kritzeck and try analyzing by your own :)
Anyways, Islam and Christianity do have similar and yet difference on their teachings. For example, Islam focuses more on women being modestly covered (everything except the face and the hands), covered but no curves highlighted. Islam has its reasons and morals on why these rules are implemented. Christianity on the other hand, does focus on it but not as engaged as Islam does. Yet, both religions worship one God, the all-mighty gracious and merciful god, the creator of the universe, the god of Abraham (pbuh), Moses (pbuh), and Jesus (pbuh). Both believes in life after death, both believes the Torah and Gospel is God’s words but yet Christianity doesn’t believe in the Quran nor in Mohammed (pbuh). -Basic Contrasting on Jesus (PBUH) viewed as- In Christianity, it is believed that God is a trinity (God has three figures). In Islam, it is believed the Allah is the only god and the prophets are his messengers for the sake of humanity. In Christianity, Jesus (PBUH) is considered as the son, believed to be crucified and Resurrected. In Islam he’s considered as a prophet (like any other prophet) and god has no favoritisms among prophets, believed to be never crucified and was taken to heaven instead. In Christianity, Jesus (PBUH) is the Messiah for the whole world while Islam believes that Jesus (PBUH) was the messiah for the Jews only.
-Understanding Islam- There are five pillars of Islam that Muslims must practice 1. Shahadah (to testify) - declaring there is no god except God, and Muhammad is God's Messenger 2. Salat (Prayer)-ritual prayer five times a day 3. Sawm- fasting and self-control during the blessed month of Ramadan 4. Zakat- giving 2.5% of one’s savings to the poor and needy 5. Hajj:-pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in a lifetime, if he/she is able to do For further information - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Five_Pillars_of_Islam "Islam recognizes the close relationship between the body and soul. Whereas the body originates from the earth and has a defined period of life on this earth, the soul originates from God and does not die. Islam encourages the individual to focus on keeping the soul healthy, through the remembrance, obedience and worship of God. There should be a correct balance in strengthening the soul and not over-indulging with the pleasures of the body." Source: http://www.whyislam.org/islam/what-is-submission/
Here's a beautiful overview of Islam http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wdhk2y6zFg4 Good day Brother, ~Zale