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The moon forms a right triangle with the Earth and the sun during one of its phases, as shown below. A scientist measures the angle x and the distance y between the Earth and the sun. Using complete sentences, explain how the scientist can use only these two measurements to calculate the distance between the moon and the sun.

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At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint occaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio cumque nihil impedit quo minus id quod maxime placeat facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat.

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Angles in every triangle always add up to 180 degrees. So you have 2 angles out of 3, which means you can get the third one. Let's call it m, so m=180-90-x Now sine rule: \[\frac{ a }{ \sin A }=\frac{ b }{ \sin B }=\frac{ c }{ \sin C }\] Small letters are always used for the sides, and capitals for the angles. Which means \[\frac{ y }{ \sin m } = \frac{ distance \between earth and sun }{ \sin 90 }\]

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