To have an ambiguous case, it means that you aren't sure of what the angles are (if all the sides are known).
Let's say we know the lengths of all 3 sides of two triangles. Furthermore, let's say that the corresponding lengths are congruent. If that's true, then we can use the SSS property to show that the two triangles are congruent.
Now the question is: is it possible to have 2 congruent triangles but have one set of corresponding angles that are incongruent (of different measures)? The answer is no. The reason is the CPCTC property tells us that if we have congruent triangles, then the corresponding parts will be congruent as well. So the corresponding angles will be congruent, which means knowing all 3 sides leads you to find all 3 angles without any ambiguity or confusion.
You can find any angle of a triangle using the law of cosines
a^2 = b^2 + c^2 - 2bc*cos(A)
where a,b,c are the sides and A,B,C are the angles (angle A is opposite side a, etc etc). So if you know a,b,c then A will be one fixed value and there won't be any ambiguity. This is true for B,C as well.