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historygeek96 Group Title

Light with a wavelength of 5.0 · 10-7 m strikes a surface that requires 2.0 ev to eject an electron. Calculate the energy, in joules, of one incident photon at this frequency.

  • 6 months ago
  • 6 months ago

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  1. theEric Group Title
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    Hi! Knowing wavelength (through air, I assume), you can find out the energy of the photons! The energy of a photon is always \(E=hf\). There, \(h\) is Planck's constant and \(f\) is the frequency. Many people use \(v\) for the frequency, too, as you'll see on Wikipedia. The frequency and wavelength are related by the speed. For a photon, the speed is the speed of light. In air, it's about \(3\times10^8\ \rm m\). We'll say that that speed is \(c\). _________________________________________________________ I'm going to show you how to relate these two, even though you only need the end result. Learn this if you can! It's handy to understand. Then we can use the velocity equation, where \(v\) is for velocity, and say \(v=\dfrac{\Delta d}{\Delta t}\)|dw:1398209004730:dw|So distance is wavelength. The time per cycle (1 wavelength) is the reciprocal of the wavelengths per time. The cycles (wavelengths traversed) per time is the frequency. The reciprocal of the cycles per time is the reciprocal of frequency. Now, the displacement \(\Delta d\) is wavelength \(\lambda\). And the time per that displacement \(\Delta t\) is the reciprocal of frequency, so \(\dfrac1f\). Substituting, \(v=\dfrac{\Delta d}{\Delta t}=\dfrac{~~~\lambda~~}{\frac1f}=\lambda f=c\) ___________________________________________ Now \(c=\lambda f\implies f=\dfrac c\lambda\) Substituting that into what we had for energy, \(E=hf=h\dfrac c\lambda\) So, you can remember all that, or the \(c=\lambda f\), or the \(E=h\dfrac c\lambda\).

    • 6 months ago
  2. theEric Group Title
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    Do you have any questions?

    • 6 months ago
  3. historygeek96 Group Title
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    No i think that should do it. I never even know what formulas to use so now that I do that should be good enough.

    • 6 months ago
  4. theEric Group Title
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    Haha, okay! If not, feel free to let me know.

    • 6 months ago
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