At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint occaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio cumque nihil impedit quo minus id quod maxime placeat facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat.
GENERAL INTRODUCTION:- “Bromides and Sulphites” is an interesting, humorous and quite different essay by Gelett Burgess, who was a well-known American humourist and prose writer. He wrote a number of humorous articles and stories together with his illustrations. This essay has been extracted from his famous book: “Are you a Bromide?” MAIN IDEA OF THE STORY: - (Theme) This essay is a humorous discussion of two types of human beings. One is named as Bromides while other Sulphites. This division is quite convincing, logical, apt and correct. The basic difference between both the groups lies in their attitude towards life as well as their general thoughts. In the writer opinion, the Bromides, being ordinary in their ideas and behaviour, from the larger group of human beings; whereas, the sulphites, being extra-ordinary in their ideas and behavior, constitute a smaller group of human beings. SUMMARY: - According to the writer, the entire human beings can be divided into two distinct groups on the basis of their attitudes, ideas and behaviour. In this context, the writer has successfully used the device of contrast to differentiate these groups. Moreover he has authenticated his argument by quoting the most important personalities of the world. Their thoughts, attitudes and mental inclinations from History, Polities, Art and Literature. Qualities of Bromides: - Chemically, Bromides is chemical compound of bromine, used in medicine to calm nerves. According to Burgess, a bromide is a person whose thoughts and conversation are ordinary and conventional. He follows the well-worm paths of life. He is a follower of customs and tradition. All Bromides think and react in a similar way. Being Philistine or Conservations. They are opposed to change. They live like very average or common people and do everything in its routine. For example, they have their hair cut every month and their minds keep in regular in office hours. Their habits and thoughts are ready-made. They have no aesthetic sense to appreciate an artistic piece like a picture or painting. They have no individuality and conform to everything allowed by the majority. In short, such people are always led and can never be leaders. In this context, Burgess has quoted many examples: Polonius, a well-known character of Shakespeare’s play “Hamlet”, is a Bromide. Amelia sedley, a character in Thackeray’s novel, “Vanity Fair” is bromidic. All the predictable, common, average, conservative and boring characters in novels and dramas or the so-called “flat” characters are the Bromides. In Literature, Marie Corelli (English Novelist) and Dr. Jonson were Bromidic. In polities, President Roosevelt of America in 1930’s was a bromidic. Qualities of Sulphites: - Chemically, Sulphite is a chemical compound of Sulpher and another element and it signifies fire and energy. According to Burges, the Sulphites are people with their own individuality and new ideas. They do not speak or act according to the usual says of society. Thus, they have their own thinking and mode of actions. They always surprise others. Hence, we come across such people very rarely, suddenly and unexpectedly. They do ordinary thinks in unusual ways or unusual things in ordinary ways. For example, a sulphite may swim out to rescue a drowning girls but he will keep his pipe burning all the while. In this context, Burgess quotes different examples: Hamlet, the hero of Shakespeare’s play, “Hamlet” is a Sulphite. Becky Sharp, a character in Thackeray’s novel, “Vanity Fair” is Sulphitic. All the unpredictable, adventurous and amazing characters in novels and dramas or the so-called “round” characters are Sulphitic. In Literature, Bernard Shaw (English Dramatist) and Lewis Carol were Sulphitic. In politics, President William McKinley of America, the predecessor of Roosevelt, was a sulphite. Moreover, all cranks, reformers and some of the artists are Sulphites. The insane asylums are full of Sulphites. Bromides–com-sulphites: - Where giving this differentiation, the writer adds some hybrids or Bromides-cum-Sulphitic. Who are half-bromide and half-Sulphite. According to him, some writers may also have a contrasting personality and style in Literature. Its typical example is Dr. Johnson and Lewis Carol. Dr. Johnson, a famous neo-classic critic, was Sulphite in personality but Bromide in writing. On the other hand, Lewis carol, a famous English writer, was Bromide in personality but Sulphite in writing. CONCLUSION: - In the end we can say that the writer’s division of human race into bromides and Sulphites is quite logical, convincing and just. It is not based on any ill-will; rather he has drawn quite a lucid appropriate and comprehensible contrast to highlight the different facets of humanity. His examples from History, Art and Literature are quite appealing and applicable. In short, through these examples, he has successfully and beautifully differentiated the Bromides and Sulphites to transmit the main idea of his story. TEXTUAL QUESTION Q-1 . what devices does Burgess use to show the reader the difference between a Bromide and a Sulphite? ANS: - G. Int. + Summary + Conclusion Q-2. This essay first appeared in 1906. It seem dated in its chief contention? In the examples of bromidic remarks? In the persons named as Bromides or Sulphites ANS: - (Theme) + Though this essay first appeared in 1906, it does not seem old-fashioned in its chief contention. The fact is that this division of human beings is undoubtedly universal. There have been, are and will always be these two types of people. Even in this modern age of 21st century, we come across such people as described in the essay. Moreover, the remarks of the writer about the bromides are also clearly universal and not time or age bound. So, it cannot be called dated at all. As far as the names of the person are concerned, it does seem dated; because most of them belong to the time before 1906. In an essay, when examples are given from history, it automatically becomes dated. But here Burgess is justified as how he could write about the modern writers. A writer either quotes examples from the past or his present. The names of G.B. shaw and Becky Sharp were quite modern for him and hence do not ‘date’ the essay. To conclude, we can say that the essay does not seem dated in its chief contention and also in its Bromidic remarks. It does, however, seem dated in the examples taken from Literature, politics and literary history. Nevertheless, that does not mar the beauty and worth of the essay.
Thanks alooot dear..
Can you also help me on another question?? shud i ask??
Shud i close it first and ask another one.. plzz wil u answrr me??
I have my paper of bachelors.. i neeed help desperately
On another question??
Thankyou dear okay
IM A BOY YOU CAN TELL ME SIR PLZ
Okay okay sir i