Find P(X <= k) in each case:
a) n=20, p=0.05, k=2
b) n=15, p=0.7, k=8
c) n=10, p=0.9, k=9
Please help! I don't need the answers, I just need to know how to do the questions.

- anonymous

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- anonymous

plug in the given values into the appropriate place

- anonymous

what given space?

- anonymous

given values

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- anonymous

im confused, plug them into what?

- anonymous

what type of calculator do you have?

- anonymous

a scientific one

- anonymous

sharp EL-W535X

- anonymous

okay well whats the formula i would use on paper if i was to do it by hand?

- anonymous

what class is this for?

- anonymous

statistics for the sciences

- anonymous

yeah

- anonymous

so what do i do?

- anonymous

P(X≤k) = P(X=0) + P(X=1) + ...+ P(X=k)

- anonymous

does that look familiar?

- anonymous

yeah i know how to do that but am i really supposed to do that all the way up to 20?

- anonymous

well im doing this on paper
i guess i can show my work for the first one and write P(x=2) +--->P(x=20) = ?

- anonymous

you think that would be okay?

- anonymous

i have no idea, depends on what your teacher wants

- anonymous

im not sure tbh
well if theres a faster way i think it would be better to do it that way bc atleast all my work will be shown

- anonymous

do you have a binomcdf function on your calculator?

- anonymous

i have no idea

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- anonymous

Just a quick tip, for the last one, instead of doing P(x=0) all the way up to P(x=9), you can just do 1 - P(x = 10). I think you can use a similar method for the 2nd part. Either do that or just use your calculator like you've been saying :P

- anonymous

i dont know how to calculate this question

- anonymous

JE so for part a can i do 1 - P(x=20)? to get the answer?

- anonymous

No, for part a you should just do P(x=0) + P(x=1) + P(x=2)

- anonymous

If you find for any question like this you have to sum a load of things then it might be better to do 1 - the things that aren't in the sum, just to simplify calculations.

- anonymous

but why cant i do this for part a?

- anonymous

You could, but you'd be doing 1 - P(x=20) - P(x=19) - P(x=18) - P(x=17) - ... - P(x=3) which is a lot of calculation. It's much easier in this case to do P(x=0) + P(x=1) + P(x=2).

- anonymous

all the way up to 20?

- anonymous

No, just up to 2. If you're calculating P(x<=k) then you sum from 0 to k, since x can only take the values 0, 1, 2, 3, ..., k if it is <=k.

- anonymous

Like on that other question, you can use P(x<=k) = 1-P(x>k) if it makes the calculations easier, which is very useful for the last part!

- anonymous

okay so i do P(x=0) + P(x=1) + P(x=2) and then - 1?

- anonymous

You don't need the -1 but yes. Essentially you're doing P(x <= 2), so this means x can only take the values 0, 1, 2. You'd only need to do 1 - (stuff) if you were trying to calculate P(x > 2).

- anonymous

okay so i just add up P(x=0) + P(x=1) + P(x=2) to get the answer for a?

- anonymous

Yes :)

- anonymous

okay I got 0.924 for a)

- anonymous

how about for b and c the k values are pretty high

- anonymous

For b I think you're just going to have to add up all the stuff again; but as billj5 was saying your calculator might have a function to calculate P(x<=8) for you, if you know about it.

- anonymous

i dont :(

- anonymous

Ah well you may just have to do the sum :P Maybe ask someone who you can show your calculator to if it has this function?

- anonymous

okay well thank you again JE!

- anonymous

You're welcome :)

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