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anonymous
 one year ago
@jvatsim
ok so x1 = 3*x2 is the next problem
so that means (3,1)^T (6,2)^T etc so nonempty
here x1=3*x2
the next step alphaX so x = (3x2, x2)^T so alpha *x
means (alpha*3*x2, alphax2)^T
and that equals alpha*3*x2 = alpha *x2
equals alpha(3*x2 = x2) so it passes and on to step 3
x + y
so here so i say x = (3x2,x2)^t
y = (3y2, y2)^t
we can still say 3x2+3y2 is = x2 + y2 ?? i think im missing something on this las step
anonymous
 one year ago
@jvatsim ok so x1 = 3*x2 is the next problem so that means (3,1)^T (6,2)^T etc so nonempty here x1=3*x2 the next step alphaX so x = (3x2, x2)^T so alpha *x means (alpha*3*x2, alphax2)^T and that equals alpha*3*x2 = alpha *x2 equals alpha(3*x2 = x2) so it passes and on to step 3 x + y so here so i say x = (3x2,x2)^t y = (3y2, y2)^t we can still say 3x2+3y2 is = x2 + y2 ?? i think im missing something on this las step

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anonymous
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0i misspelled your name above, sorry

jtvatsim
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1No problems. I'll be right back.

jtvatsim
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1First part looks good for nonempty.

anonymous
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0cool. the first step is the easy one

jtvatsim
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1Yep, you can always just show that the zero vector is in the set as a backup. Your way is fine though.

jtvatsim
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1Second part is a little convoluted, but I'll get back to that shortly, I think you are on the right track. :)

anonymous
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0how would you show the first step. i thought x1 was just 3 times x2 and since its in the x y plane its non empty

jtvatsim
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1First step I would just say (0,0) is in the set since 0 = 3*0. It's kind of "OK, duh..." but it works to prove the point.

anonymous
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0oh, wow ok yeah. makes sense

jtvatsim
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1For the second part, let's be clear first on what we will start with and what the goal is: START: x = (x1,x2) where x1 = 3x2. GOAL: alpha x = (alpha x1, alpha x2) where alpha x1 = 3(alpha x2). Notice the pattern.

anonymous
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0multiplying by alpha doesnt really change anything. is that what you are asking?

anonymous
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0so it is still 3x2 = x2 so it would pass, right?

jtvatsim
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1Yes, I think it is just a matter of writing style at this point. :) Here's how I would phrase the actual proof for clarity.

jtvatsim
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1Suppose we have x = (x1,x2). Then x1 = 3*x2. Now, alpha*x1 = alpha*3*x2, that is, alpha*x1 = 3*(alpha*x2). So, alpha*x = (alpha*x1, alpha*x2) is in the set. I would prefer to not convert x1 into 3*x2 in the proof. That turned me around a bit. But I see what you did. :)

anonymous
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0ok. so we have the same idea for step 2, just worked it differently?

jtvatsim
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1Wait... you say that "and that equals alpha*3*x2 = alpha *x2" but that isn't actually true.

anonymous
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0ok. if i go with what i was doing thats where i get a little confused for step 3 x + y for my way of working would be x = (3x2,x2) y = (3y2, y2) (3x2+3y2) would be 3(x2 + y2)...... should i just do what you did and make a note taht x1 = 3x2 and just use x1 in the proof?

jtvatsim
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1OK, let's hold off on part 2 for the time being. I want to try to do it your way for step 3. I think that might be more insightful.

jtvatsim
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1With your way, you have x = (3x2, x2) and y = (3y2, y2). OK, that's fine. What happens now is that we have no equation to work with. x1 = 3x2 is totally pointless right now since you already used it to convert. So, for x + y we need to show that x+y = (x1+y1, x2+y2) satisfies (x1+y1) = 3*(x2+y2). Is that actually true? Well you would say that x + y = (3x2 + 3y2, x2 + y2). And, yes, the first component 3x2 + 3y2 = 3*(x2 + y2) the second component. Thus, x + y is in the set. I have to say, it's a little unorthodox, but it seems to work.

jtvatsim
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1Your teacher is probably going to expect to see something with x1's in the proof, but I don't want to discount your way of doing it either. :)

anonymous
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0ok. i think your way would be better because its shorter. and i guess easier. i thought i had to use the 3x2 because the original problem said x1 = 3x2. so i thought we had to use it throughout

jtvatsim
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1Yeah, the equation is really just used as a "check" to make sure that the components work like they are supposed to.

anonymous
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0ok. im going to redo it and just make a note that x1 = 3x2 and use x1 in the proof

anonymous
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0i scrolled up and was reading and i think that is a lot less confusing than what i was trying

jtvatsim
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1Alright, I'd be happy to check it. It's always good to experiment with your own methods first so that you can sort out the process in your head. :)

anonymous
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0ok. ill be back in a few and post what i come up with

anonymous
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0just a quick question. we are saying \[\alpha x=0 \] right?

jtvatsim
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.1We need to show that \[\alpha x\] satisfies \[\alpha x_1 = 3*(\alpha x_2)\]

anonymous
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0ok. so for step 2 (it applies to all problems depending on condition of x1 and x2) should i write \[\alpha x = 3*\alpha x2\]

anonymous
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0i think i answered my own question. yes

anonymous
 one year ago
Best ResponseYou've already chosen the best response.0ok so for the third step (not doing what i originally did) would i again say x1=3x2 then X = (x1,x2) Y=(y1,y2) then X + Y = (x1+y1), (x2+y2) but that doesnt make sense. since i am trying to show x1 = 3x2. or would that actually be the proof because i cant think of a example that would counter that. (unless there is one and i cant think of it)
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