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  • one year ago

Which important member of the feudalism system am I? I was hired to protect the kingdom. For my service in the standing army, I received a part of the kingdom's landholdings in an agreement known as subinfeudation.

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  1. paki
    • one year ago
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    have a look..... Feudalism differed slightly in various parts of Europe, but England in the 12th century demonstrates a typical system. The king owned every square inch of land in the country. He was therefore entitled to a large proportion of the income from all that land and the properties on it (which is why William commissioned Domesday Book, in order to set out exactly what income could be expected from the whole country). The king was the head of the military and also controlled such elements as finances (including the production of coins), food production (by regulating and taxing the milling of flour), religion (by building new churches, chapels and cathedrals and by appointing his own favourites to important positions in the Church hierarchy). His word was law, so he was also the head of the legal system. Nobles and knights were essentially the same thing, except that there were degrees of nobility, from poor and landless knights to the highest Earls. Ordinary knights are usually referred to as Barons, each of whom held land given by a more senior nobleman (an Earl) who was often related to the king. So the Earl of Essex would hold huge amounts of land and properties which were parcelled out to a number of Barons. Each baron might hold land from various Earls, so his manors could be as far apart as Kent and Yorkshire. The knights were responsible for the law within their own holdings, via manorial courts. This was essentially the king's justice, but interpreted in varying degrees by individual knights. For example, one knight might allow his villagers to collect only fallen timber for use as firewood, while another would allow timber to be cut from trees up to a certain height. Every knight also had a military responsibility to the king, owing 40 day's service every year (more in times of war). They also collected taxes, rents, fines and other dues from their peasant workforce. As there were degrees of nobility, so there were degrees of peasants, ranging from landless serfs (including shepherds, household servants, ploughmen and carters, through free and skilled craftsmen such as carpenters, bowyers and masons, to the wealthy merchants who might have far more money than many knights. All free peasants owed military service (except Jews) - the same 40 days per year. They all paid taxes, rents, fines, customary dues and the farming peasants also owed various obligations to work on the knight's own farmland as well as their own. Rents, for example, were paid to the landowner, who took a share and passed the rest on to his overlord (the Earl). He in turn took a share and passed the rest to the king, where it helped to fill the royal coffers and might be spent on building or improving castles. Simply maintaining the royal household was an extremely expensive business. Source(s): Feudal England by J H Round reference link... https://au.answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20080520011122AAslDnr

  2. Falling_In_Katt
    • one year ago
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