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anonymous

  • one year ago

(French) Past Participle Agreement Hello all. Could anybody help me to understand when (using the passé-composé) the past participles agree, and when they do not?

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  1. anonymous
    • one year ago
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    When the auxiliary être is used, the past participle agrees with the subject. For example: Nous sommes restés. Here the auxiliary être is used (sommes) and the subject (nous) is plural. So to make the past participle agree with the subject an s is added to the end of the past participle. Elle est restée. Here the auxiliary être is used and the subject is feminine. So an extra e is added to the past participle to make it agree with the subject. When the auxiliary avoir is used the past participle does not agree with the subject. For example: Nous avons mangé. Even though the subject is plural, the past participle does not change. Elle a mangé. And here, even though the subject is feminine, the past participle does not change. Here is a list of the verbs that use the auxiliary être when conjugated in the passé composé: Monter --> monté (went up) Retourner --> retourné (returned) Sortir --> sorti (went out) Venir --> venu (came) Arriver --> arrivé (arrived) Naître --> né (was born) Descendre --> descendu (went down) Entrer --> entré (entered) Rester --> resté (stayed) Tomber --> tombé (fell) Rentrer --> rentré (went back in) Aller --> allé (went) Mourir --> mort (died) Partir --> parti (left) You can remember them with the acronym MRS VANDERTRAMP. There are a couple more complicated rules but these are the basics.

  2. anonymous
    • one year ago
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    You're awesome. Thank you so much.

  3. anonymous
    • one year ago
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    No problem :)

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