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  • one year ago

Jason inherited a piece of land from his great-uncle. Owners in the area claim that there is a 45% chance that the land has oil. Jason decides to test the land for oil. He buys a kit that claims to have an 80% accuracy rate of indicating oil in the soil. What is the probability that the land has no oil and the test shows that it has oil? Answer choices: 0.09 0.11 0.36 0.44

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  1. anonymous
    • one year ago
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    I know it's not A or C. But I tried the formula and got 1.778 but I don't know what to do from there.

  2. ybarrap
    • one year ago
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    Let D be the event that oil is detected Let O be the probability that oil exists We are given that \(P(O)=0.45\) and \(P(D|O)=0.8\) We also know that $$ P(D|O)=\frac{P(D\cap O)}{P(O)} $$ Where \(\bar{O}\) is the event that there is no oil Then $$ P(D\cap O)=P(D|O)P(O)=0.80\times0.45 $$ We also know that $$ P(D|O)+P(D|\bar{O})=1\\ \text{Which is the same as}\\ \frac{P(D\cap O)}{P(O)}+\frac{P(D\cap \bar{O})}{P(\bar{O})}=1\\ $$ We need \(P(D\cap \bar{O})\), the probability that oil is detected but none exists: $$ \frac{P(D\cap O)}{P(O)}+\frac{P(D\cap \bar{O})}{P(\bar{O})}=1\\ \implies P(D\cap \bar{O})=\left(1-\frac{P(D\cap O)}{P(O)}\right )P(\bar{O})\\ =(1-0.8)0.55 $$ Does this make sense?

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