i have grammar question.why present perfect is present if it is about past action? help
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ok the difference between present perfect is that past tense only concerns the past but present perfect concerns from the point in time where you did something until the moment at which the impetus is asked.
Consider the following scenario.
What did you do?
This situation only considers the past to be the main topic of conversation.
On the other hand,
What have you done?
I've killed the president.
As you can see present perfect continues until the present moment, as the killer carries the responsibility from the moment he killed the president until he dies. Therefore the outcome of certain action is still taking effect until that person dies. Same can be said when I say "I've written an explanation" and that effect of me writing an explanation is continuing to occur until the moment you check this out and understand the difference between the past tense nad present perfect. Whereas if I said " I wrote an explanation" that means I did something in the past and does not concern with you nor anything else, and that is specified in the past and anything else is included. In other words present perfect can also be circumstancial and contextual, and whenever present perfect is used always a reference is made to something in question or something that supplements the present perfect form.