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#1 Consider the following sentence, "A miracle is a violation of the laws of nature; and as a firm and unalterable experience has established these laws, the proof against a miracle, from the very nature of the fact, is as entire as any argument from experience can possibly be imagined." What will David Hume endeavor to do in the text that follows this opening sentence?
a. Prove why miracles can occur
b. Demonstrate why miracles do not occur
c. Take an agnostic view towards miracles Incorrect
d. None of the above
#2 According to Immanuel Kant, why do many people choose to remain under the control of others instead of thinking for themselves?
b. Cowardice Incorrect
c. Both of the above
d. Neither of the above
#3 Consider this statement written by Baron de Montesquieu, "In every government there are three sorts of power; the legislative; the executive, in respect to things dependent on the law of nations; and the judicial, in regard to things that depend on the civil law." What would this author most likely have argued following this statement?
a. Three sorts of power should be all placed within the hands of a single authority. Incorrect
b. Three sorts of power should be placed within the hands of two different authorities.
c. Society should have no authority but individual people.
d. Three sorts of power should all be placed within the hands of different authorities.
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#4 Which of the following was not one of the three basic rights to which John Locke said that all people were entitled?
a. Life Incorrect
c. Pursuit of happiness
d. Ownership of property