Define parasitism, mutualism, and commensalism and give one example of each?
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• Symbiosis: This comes from a Greek word simply meaning 'living together' and can be used to describe any association between two organisms.
• Mutualism: This can be used to describe an association in which both organisms apparently benefit
• Commensalism: In this association one organism [the commensal] benefits, and the other [the host] is apparently unaffected.
• Parasitism In this association one organism [the parasite] benefits, and the other [the host] is adversely affected [weakened, sickened, damaged etc]. This description would also fit the relationship between a carnivore and its live prey and a herbivore and the plant it feeds on, especially if they are very specialized in the food they eat. We normally define parasites as orgamisms which cannot survive without their host and have special modifications to their body or their life cycle for this association. In many ways though, the difference between a lion eating a gazelle and a flea feeding on a dog, is a matter of relative size.
Using this information find examples that represent each of them.
but can you define them in your own words please because i only need like one or two sentences for each
Parasitism- when one organism is harmed and another organism benefits from harming that organism
Mutualism- a relationship where both organisms benefit
Commensalism- where one organism benefits while the other organism is not harmed at all