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The code examples speak for themselves. I recommend you look those over and then look over similar simple program written in Python. Python is still easier to read. Fortran also appears to be a compiled language, whereas Python is an interpreted language. Thus, Python programs can be tested faster. Fortran programs will likely run faster though.
thanks for the answer. i am currently learning python from OCW and its really helpful. but in petroleum engineering we have software called 'ECLIPSE' and they say its written in fortran language, so i wandered if learning fortran would help me master that software.
Mathematics and sciences still use Fortran because it is still great for computational intensive things. If you are going into the deep end of math, physics, or engineering research there is a strong likelihood that you will need to learn it. However, there is very little day to day use outside those specialized areas where the high precision math that is in Fortran will useful. Python, in contrast, is about what needs to get done now. It has been used to do simple data work all the way up to complex web sites. It is designed around being easy, yet structured, somewhat scripted, somewhat objective, etc. It is a compromise that touches on just about every part of programming. So it is is not strictly an objective language, but it has objective elements. It is not strictly a script language, but it is largely run the same way a script would be. On and on, it strives to take the best elements for programmer ease and utility while leaving off the rest.
You can implement mathematical linear algebraic models using fortran. Difference between fortran and python is like one is procedural and other is object oriented.Basically fortran is telegraph and python is iphone.
Eclipse is an IDE for java programming.So i dont think so you need to know fortran.
Very true @sriram33 . Eclipse is primarily used to write Java, but it does have the ability to do many other things... that is assuming they mean the Eclipse IDE and not some other 'ECLIPSE' that actually is written in Fortran. @hamid.rajabi I would clarify what Eclipse they mean. If it is the IDE, then that is Java. However, do they want to to write Fortran in Eclipse? That is perfecty possible with Photran: http://www.eclipse.org/photran/ And it may just be the person who told you Fortran does not know what they are talking about.