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Heat capacity or thermal capacity is a measurable physical quantity equal to the ratio of the heat added to (or removed from) an object to the resulting temperature change.
@Rushwr my question is why? about water, ice,gas
Cuz of H-bond between the h2o molecule in liquid state. Down here i find more detailad explanaition.
In liquids (eg water), however, the molecules are neither very closely pack (so that heat can pass by juz pure vibration) nor very far apart (so heat can pass via flying around and banging others). The molecules in liquid are bonded by van der waals forces and some other forces (eg H-bond). So the movements are very restricted compared to gases, and heat energy cannot be passed via the fly and bang method. Nor heat can pass quickly by vibrating and passing the heat to your next door neighbour as in the case of solids. So a larger amount of heat energy is needed to raise the temp by 1C.