Photon336
  • Photon336
Question
Chemistry
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Photon336
  • Photon336
Question
Chemistry
jamiebookeater
  • jamiebookeater
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At vero eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus qui blanditiis praesentium voluptatum deleniti atque corrupti quos dolores et quas molestias excepturi sint occaecati cupiditate non provident, similique sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollitia animi, id est laborum et dolorum fuga. Et harum quidem rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. Nam libero tempore, cum soluta nobis est eligendi optio cumque nihil impedit quo minus id quod maxime placeat facere possimus, omnis voluptas assumenda est, omnis dolor repellendus. Itaque earum rerum hic tenetur a sapiente delectus, ut aut reiciendis voluptatibus maiores alias consequatur aut perferendis doloribus asperiores repellat.

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Photon336
  • Photon336
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Photon336
  • Photon336
Another here
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  • Photon336

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Rushwr
  • Rushwr
for the 1st one i'll go with C
Rushwr
  • Rushwr
156. it is heat of sublimation right?
Rushwr
  • Rushwr
@Empty U too give it a try
Cuanchi
  • Cuanchi
D. heat of sublimation,it is the transition from solid to gas
Photon336
  • Photon336
The first one i was thinking intermolecular forces.
Photon336
  • Photon336
I chose C for the first one
Photon336
  • Photon336
heat of fusion (s)-->(l) heat of vaporization (l)-->(g) heat of sublimation (s)--->(g) that makes most sense to me
Photon336
  • Photon336
\[K = C + 273 \] 273+56 = 329K \[0.5 \frac{ kj }{ g } x 100g \] = 50 kj we have already reached the boiling point, so vapor pressure = external pressure. don't know why i'm skeptical of that answer of 50 kj.
Rushwr
  • Rushwr
So what are the answers given / ????? @Photon336
Photon336
  • Photon336
You guys are correct for all three
Photon336
  • Photon336
First one was C IMF second one was D sublimation the other one was B
Ciarán95
  • Ciarán95
172. When we boil something and convert it from a liquid to a gas, we lose any intermolecular interactions between the individual molecules present, with each now becoming independent species, free to move with respect to one another. So, the amount of energy to convert a substance into the gaseous phase depends on the strength of these intermolecular interactions (i.e. the degrees of attraction between molecules) |dw:1438191745228:dw| Whilst both molecules contain a dipole due to the uneven distribution of electrons in one or more covalent bonds (thus leading to electrostatic dipole-dipole interactions between oppositely charged ends of identical molecules), you have to consider whether there is an especially strong interaction in one over the other, that would take more energy to overcome. This arises from Hydrogen Bonding, where we have H directly convalently bonded to one of the most electronegative elements (Oxygen, Flourine, Nitrogen), leading to very large partial charges forming and much stronger intermolecular interactions that 'ordinary' dipole-dipole interactions (large delta + and delta -). Once considering this, you should be able to decipher the answer. 173. I'm not 100% sure about this one, but from looking at it, here's my proposed answer: The heat of vaporisation of acetone is 0.500 kJ/g. That is, if we had 1 gram of liquid acetone (or about 1.26 cm3, given the density of acetone is 0.791 g/cm3), it would take 0.500 kJ of heat/energy input to overcome the interactions of the molecules as the slide past one another and convert them into independent gas molecules. The boiling point of acetone is 56 degrees Celsius. On the Kelvin scale, this is: 273.15 + 56 = 329.15 K When rounded down to 329 K, this is also the temperature at which we're hoping our 100 g (~126 cm3) of acetone will vaporise at. So, both the vaporisations mentioned in the question are taking place under the same conditions (i.e. bringing them to the boil at the same temperature value). Obviously, the higher the mass, the more molecules that are present and the greater the degree of interactions available between these in the sample. So, to get it to boil at the same temperature, we need to compensate by providing it with more energy, or heat. \[1~g = 0.500~kJ\] implying that: \[100~g = (100)(0.500~kJ)\] \[= 50~kJ\]
Photon336
  • Photon336
Ciaran wow great explanation

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