\[a(x) = \frac{\mathrm d^2x}{\mathrm dt^2} = -4\pi^2x+x^2\]
\[x_0 = \pi^2,\qquad v_0=\left.\frac{\mathrm dx}{\mathrm dt}\right|_0=0\]
Numeric Integration (or any other method that works )

- UnkleRhaukus

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- UnkleRhaukus

*second order*

- Empty

Now having two initial conditions actually makes sense haha

- Empty

So what are you looking for exactly, a program or a specific result? Without a step size for the time and without an ending time there's not a lot I can really do for you. I can help walk you through the leapfrog method though if you like.

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## More answers

- UnkleRhaukus

the program i have wrote has a step size of 0.01, and goes t = [0:5]

- UnkleRhaukus

doesn't look right , i doubt that the leap frog method is stable for this equation

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- UnkleRhaukus

it should decay

- UnkleRhaukus

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- Empty

Well it's not terribly bad for an approximation, I guess it's all a matter of what percent error you're willing to tolerate. You can make a smaller step size and it should make the error smaller.

- Empty

Ohhh it should decay ok let me see.

- UnkleRhaukus

i was expecting something like this dotted line here

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- UnkleRhaukus

i think the leap frog method dosen't handle the sharp corner very well

- Empty

I was looking through your code for bugs and couldn't find anything, just out of curiosity what happens when you change b=1 to something else like b=10 or b=100 or something ridiculous.

- UnkleRhaukus

bad things happen

- Empty

Hahaha I guess I just wanted to make sure it was still working. I think you're probably right about leapfrogging over those narrow curves, I don't think it's able to quite turn fast enough so instead of decaying it's rotated slightly off and is instead decreasing your frequency which is sorta what it looks like.

- UnkleRhaukus

and A = x_0 should be less than 4pi^2

- Astrophysics

\[x''= -w_0^2x+2 \beta x'\] I thought if b >0 then the force would be resisting for this at least

- Astrophysics

err that should be \[x''= -w_0^2x-2 \beta x'\]

- Empty

@Astrophysics Think of it like this, an undamped spring will have this equation:
x''=-x
That means the acceleration is larger the further away you are from equilibrium (x=0). This is what pushes it back. So if you have some other factor getting bigger, then you're damping the spring force to come back.
Of course here it's not quite the same situation, equilibrium is not at x=0, it's shifted up so that we don't end up with a greater restoring force than normal on the other side of the swing.

- UnkleRhaukus

equilibrium is not at x = 0?

- Empty

Woah my bad I don't know what I'm saying, I don't know why I said that part

- Empty

I was thinking about the initial position being at \(\pi^2\) and for some reason I said that nonsense lol

- UnkleRhaukus

is there some other ( stable ) simple second order numeric method, i can compare with ?

- Empty

Hmm I think the only other options I know of is midpoint method and runge-kutta, but not very well. I can't really say how accurate they'll be.

- UnkleRhaukus

RK4 won't work, it's a second order DE

- Empty

I don't know, what happens when you make the step size smaller on your current program? Does it make the wavelength shorter and dampen it? Try d=0.001 or d=0.00005 maybe and see what happens.

- UnkleRhaukus

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- UnkleRhaukus

the shape of the green leapfrog approximation is unconvincing,

- anonymous

$$x''=-4\pi^2 x+x^2\\x''=(x-2\pi^2)^2-4\pi^4\\y''=y^2-k$$now consider $$2y'y''=2y^2y'-ky'\\\frac{d}{dt}(y')^2=\frac{d}{dt}\left(\frac23y^3-ky+C\right)\\(y')^2=\frac23y^3-ky+C$$which looks like a Weierstrass function

- IrishBoy123

no decay at dt = 0.00001

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