Frostbite
  • Frostbite
Thermodynamics, statistical thermodynamics and spectroscopy COMBINED!
Chemistry
  • Stacey Warren - Expert brainly.com
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SOLVED
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katieb
  • katieb
I got my questions answered at brainly.com in under 10 minutes. Go to brainly.com now for free help!
Frostbite
  • Frostbite
The electronic ground state of the Cl atom is fourfold degenerate, while the first electronically excited state is doubly degenerate and lies 881 cm–1 above the ground state. Calculate the contribution to the molar heat capacity at constant volume, \(C_{V,m}(T)\) of Cl atoms from electronic states at 500 Kelvin. There are two alternative ways solving this problem :)
Frostbite
  • Frostbite
(answer should include some theory why) ;)
anonymous
  • anonymous
Off the top of my head the only thing I think I am looking at is the energy difference given in wave numbers, so I have \[E = h c \tilde\nu\] And then I believe, not entirely sure: \[\left( \frac{\partial U}{\partial T} \right)_V = C_V\]

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Frostbite
  • Frostbite
Yup, just need to evaluate the derivative and you are almost there :)
anonymous
  • anonymous
It looks like from your notes you gave me that \[C_v = \frac{N \sigma^2}{kT}\] However it's at about this time during the day that it's my bedtime. I've been awake for a while so I'll have to come back and finish this tomorrow. :)
Frostbite
  • Frostbite
Yeah, I can see the notes somewhat is lacking in terms of the Boltzmann distribution to make it clear HOW to find the variance. So I make this an worked example: The average energy must be the sum of the energy multiplied with probability of finding the specie with the energy: \[\Large \langle \epsilon \rangle=\sum_{i}^{}p_i \epsilon_i\] The Boltzmann distribution allows us to calculate the probability of finding a specie with the energy \(\large \epsilon_i\): \[\Large p_i=\frac{ e^{- \beta \epsilon_i} }{ q }\] Where \(q\) is the partition function: \[\Large q=\sum_{\sf states~i}^{}e ^{- \beta \epsilon_i}=\sum_{\sf levels~i}^{}g_ie ^{- \beta \epsilon_i}\] Where \(g_i\) is the degeneracy of the ith energy level. The average energy is can therefor be written as: \[\Large \langle \epsilon \rangle=\sum_{i}^{}p_i \epsilon_i=\sum_{i}^{}\frac{ e ^{- \beta \epsilon_i } }{ q}\epsilon_i\].
Frostbite
  • Frostbite
\[\Large \left( \frac{ \partial U_m }{ \partial T } \right)_V \approx 1.95 \sf \frac{ J}{ mol \times K }\]
Frostbite
  • Frostbite
And my handwritten notes (the reason I don't study math)

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