The Great Schism of 1378 differed from the one in 1054 because
it was based on a power struggle.
it divided the eastern and western churches.
it split the center of the papacy between east and west.
it raised questions regarding the authority of monarchs.
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split between the Byzantine Church and the Roman Church occurred in 1054 and Great Western Schism occurred between 1378 and 1417.
The Schism of 1054 occurred when a representative of the Roman pope excommunicated the patriarch of Constantinople, and the patriarch excommunicated the Roman pope in return.
That dual excommunication caused a formal split within the Christian church, dividing it into the Eastern Orthodox Church based in Constantinople and the Western Catholic Church
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The Great Western Schism was the split in Latin Christendom that occurred between 1378 and 1417.
From 1378 to 1409, there were two rival popes, one in Rome and one in Avignon, France, and each claimed to be the one true pope
n 1054 a political struggle took place between the Holy Roman Empire (created when the Pope crowned Charlemagne) and the Byzantine Empire. They could not reach a compromise concerning who was in charge. Western Christians believed the Pope in Rome was the supreme authority. The Eastern Christians believed the Patriarch and the council of Bishops of Constantinople together were the supreme authority. First, papal legates threatened to excommunicate the patriarch of Constantinople. Later, the pope actually did so. The Patriarch of Constantinople returned the favor by excommunicating the Pope, and diplomatic ties withered between West and East, with the two halves growing apart in language, custom, church ritual, and political ties.
In 1378, the Great Schism took place. Pope Gregory XI died and a Roman mob intimidated the French-dominated College of Cardinals into choosing an Italian candidate, Pope Urban VI, as head of the church. Urban upset these cardinals, who declared him deposed, and they elected a Frenchman, Clement VII. Clement set up a new papal court in Avignon, but Urban continued holding court in Rome. During the next three decades, England, Scandinavia, Germany, and northern Italy supported the Roman Pope. France, Scotland, Naples, Sicily, and the kingdoms in Spain supported the French Pope. The two popes placed the nations supporting their rivals under interdiction and excommunication--each condemning the other half of Christendom to damnation. This schism remained unreconciled until 1417.