anonymous
  • anonymous
How do you know when an ellipse is parallel to the x-axis or y-axis? For example, If I'm given 4x^2-16x+9y^2+18y-11=0 and I simplify that into an equation of an ellipse: [(x-2)^2]/[9] + [(y-1)^2]/[4] = 1, how do I know if the ellipse is parallel to the x-axis or parallel to the y-axis?
Mathematics
  • Stacey Warren - Expert brainly.com
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katieb
  • katieb
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jtvatsim
  • jtvatsim
Not exactly sure what you mean by "parallel." Maybe you mean whether the ellipse is wide along the x-axis or tall along the y-axis? :)
jtvatsim
  • jtvatsim
As in this vs. this?|dw:1439526085570:dw|
anonymous
  • anonymous
Well, Im trying to solve this problem: Find the center, vertices, and foci of the ellipse given by 4x^2 - 16x + 9y^2 + 18y - 11 = 0 I have figured everything out till: [(x-2)^2]/[9] + [(y-1)^2]/[4] = 1 Now i have to find the foci and vertices, but there are two different expressions used to find the foci and vertices, and they both depend on whether your ellipse is parallel to the x-axis or y-axis...

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jtvatsim
  • jtvatsim
OK, I get what you mean. I had never heard that terminology before, but we are both thinking of the same thing. I believe you should have (y+1)^2/4 in your expression rather than (y-1)^2/4, but aside from that... whichever expression has the larger denominator will be the major axis. Since your expression for x^2 has the larger denominator 9, the ellipse will be parallel to the x-axis.
jtvatsim
  • jtvatsim
In fact, the denominators are the radius of the axis squared. So in this case, the major axis has a radius of 3 along the x-axis, since 3^2 = 9. The minor axis has a radius of 2 along the y-axis, since 2^2 = 4.
anonymous
  • anonymous
|dw:1439526368806:dw| This is what I'm looking at..
jtvatsim
  • jtvatsim
Sorry, openstudy didn't tell me that you had replied.
jtvatsim
  • jtvatsim
OK, yes my explanation above still stands. It is the "major axis" that is parallel, not the "ellipse" that is parallel just for future terminology. Do you understand the table though?
jtvatsim
  • jtvatsim
Remember that the general equation of an ellipse is represented by \[\frac{(x-h)^2}{first\ denominator^2} + \frac{(y-k)^2}{second \ denominator^2} = 1\] and we make "a" the bigger of the two denominators, while "b" is the smaller of the two denominators according to your table. So, in your case, we have \[\frac{(x-h)^2}{a^2} + \frac{(y-k)^2}{b^2} = 1\] since the x-denominator was bigger.
jtvatsim
  • jtvatsim
What you should have for your question is that a = 3 and b = 2
anonymous
  • anonymous
Thank you very much, I worked the rest out and it matched the answer key. This is valuable information, I appreciate it! @jtvatsim
jtvatsim
  • jtvatsim
Great job! I'm glad you figured it out! :)

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