anonymous
  • anonymous
Need help identifying a hydrocarbon compound. Can anyone help me find its name? Image inside.
Chemistry
chestercat
  • chestercat
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Photon336
  • Photon336
|dw:1439571831428:dw| step one, look at the parent chain, and it's cyclohexane.
Photon336
  • Photon336
so it's going to be " " " cyclohexane. now we need to start naming, and numbering
Photon336
  • Photon336
we have three methyl groups, -CH3 and one hydroxyl group. so when naming these groups we star in alphabetical order i believe but, OH- is an alcohol so it will be cyclohexanol.

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Photon336
  • Photon336
OH = OL when naming compound.
Photon336
  • Photon336
|dw:1439571961356:dw| i'm not too sure about this but we have to number all carbons on the ring.
Photon336
  • Photon336
the OH- is at position one, or carbon 1, while the methyl groups are on carbon 2, 4 and 5
Photon336
  • Photon336
(2,4,5) Trimethylcyclohexanonl
anonymous
  • anonymous
Thank you very much! I appreciate the explanation too, and not just giving me the answer :)
Photon336
  • Photon336
yeah no problem, just remember that the longest carbon chain = the parent and the basis of the name. in this case cyclo-hexane. usually alcohol takes priority. there are a bunch of rules though, but usually when you name the substitutents you need to number the carbon atoms and see which one's there are at. |dw:1439572281925:dw| Like in this example it would be (2,2) di methyl then the parent chain.

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