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most of the chemistry (i.e. bonds forming) takes place in the valence shell , the shell that's farthest from the nucleus, between two elements/atoms.
Okay is there any specific ways they they form other then when sharing electrons to balance? The way the question is stated in my assignment makes it sound like there is more then one reason they bond. However, I couldn't find anything in my material.
well let's look at an example |dw:1439583928530:dw|
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Sodium and Chlorine, this type of bond is ionic
it happens between a non metal and a metal, and what's happening is that the electrons from sodium are being transferred to chlorine,
to create a positive charge on sodium and a negative charge on chlorine
Okay. That makes sense by creating the positive charge on one and a negative on the other they balance into making chlorine.
yeah, you could think of it that way, but remember sodium is in group one of the periodic table, sodium really wants to lose that electron because if it does then it will have a noble gas configuration.
Chlorine it's the opposite: chlorine really wants that other electron so, it's going to take it.
that's where the electrostatic attraction business comes from.
Okay yeah. Thank you very much for explaining that sorry if it was kind of a dumb question.
nah it's not a dumb question because there's a lot of different types of bonds too.
&no problem ask me anything.