anonymous
  • anonymous
What was the primary difference between Luther's and Calvin's Christianity?
History
  • Stacey Warren - Expert brainly.com
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SOLVED
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chestercat
  • chestercat
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anonymous
  • anonymous
maybe this helps
anonymous
  • anonymous
Martin Luther's and Calvin's ideas are alike because they both agreed that religious authority rested on the Bible not the Pope and believed in a priesthood of all believers. Martin Luther and Calvin's ideas are also alike because both believed in St. Augustine's idea of predestination. Calvin did not believe that the Church should be ruled by the state, while Luther believed that it should. Martin Luther and Calvin both believed in the importance of the Bible and the rejection of the authority of the Pope. Martin Luther and Calvin believed that everyone should serve God in his or her individual calling. Luther came up with this idea by reading and pondering over St Paul's letter to the Romans (1:17) found in the New Testament. Luther's major doctrine is justification by faith alone. Both Martin Luther and Calvin rejected the doctrine that good deeds ("Good Works) were necessary for salvation. Differences between Martin Luther's and Calvin's ideas are that Calvin did not believe that the Church should be ruled by the state. Calvin had his own ideas about the power of God, the nature of human beings, and the power of the state. Calvinists did not recognize the subordination of the Church to the state or the right of any government, king, or Parliament to law down laws for religion. Calvin believed in setting up a theocratic government run by Church leaders. Geneva, in France, is the perfect example of one of his ideal theocratic governments. The society in Geneva was divided into four parts, to include, pastors, teachers or doctors, elders, and deacons to dispense church services. This society was ruled by elders, which were twelve lay people chosen by and from the Genevan councils and empowered to "oversee the life of everybody." In contrast, Lutheran believed in having a separation of Church and state. The Church would govern religious matters, such as heresy, while, the government will govern secular matters such as, marriage.

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