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Question 2 (Worth 5 points) (07.04 MC) When the United States joined World War II, where did the Allies initially focus their military efforts? on Nazi forces in Europe Correct Answer on Japanese forces in the Pacific on Soviet forces in Stalingrad on Italian forces in North Africa Points earned on this question: 5 Question 3 (Worth 5 points) (08.06 MC) Why did suburbs in the United States grow in the period after World War II? lack of jobs in urban areas due to economic recession sent Americans looking for work in the suburbs lack of housing in cities due to lingering war damage led Americans to abandon urban homes government programs forced families from cities to settle rural areas growing families moved out of crowded urban areas to seek more space Correct Answer Points earned on this question: 5
Question 4 (Worth 5 points) (05.06 MC) The passage below is a quotation from Louis Saint-Just, a radical supporter of the French Revolution. Use the passage to answer the following question: You have to punish not only the traitors, but even those who are indifferent; you have to punish whoever is passive in the republic, and who does nothing for it. . . . The vessel of the Revolution can arrive in port only on a sea reddened with torrents of blood.—Louis Saint-Just, Report to the Convention on Behalf of the Committee of Public Safety, October 10, 1793 What event of the French Revolution does the passage support? the execution of Louis Capet the rise of Napoleon the abolition of Christianity the Reign of Terror Correct Answer Points earned on this question: 5 Question 5 (Worth 5 points) (06.04 LC) What caused the First Opium War? Chinese confiscation and destruction of British opium Chinese support for the Boxer Rebellion British efforts to increase opium prices British attempts to force China to accept opium as payment Correct Answer Points earned on this question: 5 Question 6 (Worth 5 points) (07.06 MC) What accounted for ethnic cleansing in the Balkans during the 1990s? a Serbian nationalist movement led by Slobodan Milosevic Correct Answer a move to make Islam the national religion the removal of Bosnian Serbs from political power civilian deaths due to NATO air strikes Points earned on this question: 5 Question 7 (Worth 5 points) (06.03 MC) How did Robert Owen's and Adam Smith's philosophies differ? Smith championed the idea of universal education to promote harmony. Smith supported a more even distribution of income than Owen. Owen believed that economic production should be controlled by the government. Correct Answer Owen wanted to let the "invisible hand of the market" guide the economy. Points earned on this question: 5
Question 8 (Worth 5 points) (05.03 MC) Why did the Church see the heliocentric view of the solar system as a challenge to its authority? The heliocentric view, if correct, might mean God did not put humans at the center of the universe. Correct Answer It was forbidden to disagree with medieval thinkers who had opposed heliocentrism. The Church viewed the heliocentric theory as a return to pagan sun worship. The pope had declared that the Bible was the only source of scientific knowledge. Points earned on this question: 5 Question 9 (Worth 5 points) (08.07 LC) The United States has responded to terrorism by creating the Department of Defense the Department of State the Department of Homeland Security Correct Answer the Department of Transportation Points earned on this question: 5 Question 10 (Worth 5 points) (08.02 MC) Which of the following resulted from the leadership of Mao Zedong? China was led into greater isolation. Correct Answer China began to lead in international trade. The Soviet Union provided support to China. Religious freedoms were restored to citizens. Points earned on this question: 5 Question 11 (Worth 5 points) (06.04 HC) How is the lasting negative impact of imperialism most evident in the 21st century? Former British colonies now belong to the British Commonwealth. Many former colonies refuse to industrialize. Borders created by imperialist nations have led to modern ethnic tensions. Correct Answer Many national leaders in formerly colonized nations embrace democracy. Points earned on this question: 5 Question 12 (Worth 5 points) (06.06 MC) How was the post-World War II independence process in Kenya different from those in Libya and Jamaica? Kenya did not officially gain independence. Kenya lacked an organized reform movement. Kenya gained freedom through violence. Correct Answer Kenya was formerly a French colony. Points earned on this question: 5 Question 13 (Worth 5 points) (08.01 LC) During the Cold War the United States advocated liberal democracy while the Soviet Union supported a single-party political system Correct Answer a free press private ownership of business independent elections Points earned on this question: 0 Question 14 (Worth 5 points) (05.01 MC) Use the map below showing the religions of Europe about 1600 to answer the following question: A map showing the religions of Europe around 1600 CE. All of modern day Portugal, Spain, France, and Italy are Roman Catholic. Significant portions of Germany, Poland, Lithuania, central, and southeastern Europe are also Roman Catholic. The Protestant religions of Lutheranism, Calvinism, and Anglicanism were spread across Norway, Sweden, Denmark, England, Scotland, eastern Ireland, Switzerland, Hungary, and parts of Poland, Lithuania, and southeastern Europe. The Holy Roman Empire is located in modern day Germany. Almost all of Russia, eastern Lithuania, and Poland is Orthodox Christian. The Ottoman Empire in southeastern Europe is also primarily Orthodox Christian, but a large Muslim population also lives within southeastern Europe. © 2012 The Exploration Company How does this map reflect the causes of the Thirty Years' War? Muslims dominated Europe, leading to conflicts with followers of other religions. Roman Catholics and Anglicans fought for control of Ireland. Lutherans from Northern Europe waged war to bring their religion to the south. Germany was largely Roman Catholic, causing Protestants in the region to revolt. Correct Answer Points earned on this question: 5 Question 15 (Worth 5 points) (05.06 LC) What historical event changed Napoleon's identity from that of a conqueror to that of a failure? the Battle of Borodino the Battle of Waterloo Correct Answer the Concert of Europe the Coup of Brumaire Points earned on this question: 5
Question 16 (Worth 5 points) (08.05 MC) Why was Mahatma Gandhi's Salt March so significant in the struggle for India's independence? It set the stage for a united India with Muslims and Hindus living together peacefully. It united Indians under a common struggle against the British. Correct Answer It influenced Great Britain to reject the Indian independence movement. It allowed India to gain quick control of salt production and trade. Points earned on this question: 5 Question 17 (Worth 5 points) (06.06 MC) How did World War I assist the women's suffrage movement in the United States? American women refused to serve in the armed forces unless they got the right to vote. The conflict allowed Americans to see that allowing women to vote was a positive step in Europe. Congress had focused solely on the conflict, allowing suffragists to get legislation passed. Women served valuable jobs during war efforts, breaking down resistance to suffrage. Correct Answer Points earned on this question: 5 Question 18 (Worth 5 points) (05.03 LC) Which of these did Johannes Kepler formulate? the idea of inductive reasoning theories of force and motion law of conservation of matter three laws of planetary motion Correct Answer Points earned on this question: 5 Question 19 (Worth 5 points) (06.01 MC) How was the rise of caudillos in the Latin American countryside a result of independence movements? Caudillos controlled areas where weak revolutionary governments had little power. Correct Answer Caudillos returned to rule their native regions after national revolutions failed. Peasants who supported the caudillos voted heavily for them in elections. Revolutionary leaders appointed local landowners to rule in the provinces. Points earned on this question: 5 Question 20 (Worth 5 points) (07.06 MC) Use the poster below to answer the question below. The German text translates to, "This is what this person suffering from hereditary defects costs the Community of Germans during his lifetime. Fellow Citizen, that is your money, too." Image of 1938 German propaganda poster issued by the Office for Race Politics. German writing covers the left side of the poster, while one man stands behind another man who is seated. The man behind stands tall, is smiling, and wears a white jacket. The man sitting is in a slightly disfigured posture with his hand clenched, and a scowl on his face. He is dressed in a black jacket. English Translation is, 60,000 RM. This is what this person suffering from hereditary defects costs the Community of Germans during his lifetime. Fellow Citizen, that is your money, too. Public Domain Which of the following ideas is supported by this propaganda poster? The government must sponsor more programs for those with special needs. Under Nazi rule, those with special needs will be provided greater care. It costs too much money to provide for those with special needs. Correct Answer The number of special needs care providers in Germany must increase. Points earned on this question: 5 Question 21 (Worth 5 points) (08.07 LC) Terrorist attacks by fundamentalist groups have occurred almost entirely in the United States almost entirely in the Middle East in few countries limited to North America in multiple countries all over the world Correct Answer Points earned on this question: 5 Question 22 (Worth 5 points) (08.06 MC) Why have countries such as France and China instituted language controls? to protect their national language and heritage Correct Answer to discourage immigrants for coming to those countries to promote cultural diffusion within the language to erase traces of imperialism within the nation Points earned on this question: 5 Question 23 (Worth 5 points) (05.01 MC) Use the map below, which shows the percentage of the population that is over 65 years old in European nations, to answer the following question: A 2010 map of the European countries showing the percentage of the population that is over 65 years old in each country, by the following ranges, less than 12 percent Turkey, Cyprus, Albania, Moldova, and Macedonia, 12 to 14 percent Russia, Poland, Slovakia, Iceland, Ireland, Bulgaria, and Montenegro, 14 to 16 percent Norway, Netherlands, Czech Republic, Hungary, Ukraine, Belarus, Romania, Serbia, and Bosnia and Herzegovina, 16 to 18 percent Portugal, United Kingdom, France, Belgium , Luxemburg, Switzerland, Slovenia, Croatia, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, 18 to 20 percent Spain, Austria, Sweden, and Denmark, greater than 20 percent Germany, Italy, and Greece. Public Domain According to the map, which statement is correct? The population of southern Europe is growing faster than that of northern Europe. The average age of the population in Western Europe is higher than in Eastern Europe. Correct Answer Nations that are historically younger also tend to have younger populations. Immigration has lowered the age of the populations of some European nations. Points earned on this question: 5 Question 24 (Worth 5 points) (07.02 MC) How did submarine warfare impact the U.S. decision to enter the war? The United States felt they could positively impact the war for Allied forces through new submarine technologies. The United States felt compelled to enter the war in response to Germany's use of submarines to kill civilians. Correct Answer The United States entered the war because Germany used submarines to destroy British shipping. The United States entered the war after Germany destroyed American made submarines. Points earned on this question: 5 Question 25 (Worth 5 points) (05.05 LC) How did the Scientific Revolution contribute to the birth of the Enlightenment? by inspiring a distrust of new inventions by encouraging focus on the individual by reinforcing the authority of the Church by promoting observation and analysis Correct Answer Points earned on this question: 5 Question 26 (Worth 5 points) (05.04 LC) The Wright brothers are most famous for developing a vaccine for polio advancements in psychology developing the theory of relativity the first successful manned flight Correct Answer Points earned on this question: 5 Question 27 (Worth 5 points) (08.06 MC) What is the primary goal of NAFTA? to eliminate barriers to trade and investment between Canada, Mexico and the U.S. Correct Answer to ensure maximum tax revenue for Canada, Mexico and the U.S. to prevent cultural diffusion across national lines in North America to replace national currencies with a North American version of the Euro Points earned on this question: 5
Question 28 (Worth 5 points) (08.03 MC) Use the map of Korea below to answer the following question: Map of the Korean Peninsula. North Korea is shaded in light green, and South Korea is shaded in dark green. © 2012 Visviva Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported The white line politically dividing Korea represents the Iron Curtain the Berlin War the 38th parallel Correct Answer the Demarcation Line of 1954 Points earned on this question: 5 Question 29 (Worth 5 points) (06.02 MC) The following lines are from English poet William Blake's well-known hymn "Jerusalem." The phrase "the countenance divine" means "the face of God." Use the lines to answer the following question: And did the countenance divine Shine forth upon our clouded hills? And was Jerusalem builded here Among those dark Satanic mills? Why does Blake refer to the mills as "dark Satanic"? He believed that they increased reliance on foreign trade. He believed that they were causing social and environmental harm. Correct Answer He believed that they curbed the growth of agricultural spaces in big cities. He believed that they conflicted with democratic values. Points earned on this question: 5 Question 30 (Worth 5 points) (07.05 MC) Japan surrendered within days after Emperor Hirohito was dethroned Germany's total surrender an atom bomb was dropped on Nagasaki Correct Answer the Soviets entered the war in the Pacific Points earned on this question: 5 Question 31 (Worth 5 points) (08.01 LC) Why was the launch of Sputnik in 1957 important? most in the U.S. had not thought the Soviets were capable of producing satellite technology Correct Answer it launched the arms race between the United States and the Soviet Union most in the Soviet Union had not thought the U.S. was capable of launching manned aircraft it established the fact that a more dangerous hydrogen bomb could be created Points earned on this question: 0 Question 32 (Worth 5 points) (07.04 LC) What event prompted the United States to finally enter World War II? the Munich Conference the Atlantic Charter the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor Correct Answer the German invasion of Czechoslovakia Points earned on this question: 5 Question 33 (Worth 5 points) (07.03 MC) Why did many Italians support Mussolini during The Great Depression? He lowered unemployment and improved the national economy. Correct Answer He granted religious toleration for non-Catholics. He decreased the size of the military and reduced government spending. He supported democratic reforms. Points earned on this question: 5 Question 34 (Worth 5 points) (07.02 MC) The German population viewed the Treaty of Versailles as liberating oppressive Correct Answer democratic communist Points earned on this question: 5 Question 35 (Worth 5 points) (06.06 MC) During the rash of protests in Arab nations that occurred in the spring of 2012, what factor aided the rebels that was unavailable in previous decades? rebellion by military personnel support from other Arab countries air support from NATO public access to social media Correct Answer Points earned on this question: 5 Question 36 (Worth 5 points) (06.06 MC) How did F.W. de Klerk influence democratic reforms in South Africa? He restricted political rights to the white minority. He set up talks between the government and the ANC. Correct Answer He encouraged the government to outlaw the ANC. He worked to ensure apartheid survived any civil war. Points earned on this question: 5 Question 37 (Worth 5 points) (06.06 MC) The passage below is an excerpt from the speech made by Nelson Mandela, leader of the African National Congress in South Africa, upon being released from prison in 1990. Use the passage to answer the following question: Today, the majority of South Africans, black and white, recognize that apartheid has no future. It has to be ended by our own decisive mass action in order to build peace and security. There must be an end to white monopoly on political power and a fundamental restructuring of our political and economic systems to ensure that the inequalities of apartheid are addressed, and our society thoroughly democratized.—Nelson Mandela, Speech on Release from Prison (1990) Which event demonstrated that white citizens as well as black citizens recognized "no future" for apartheid? President F. W. de Klerk set up talks between the ANC and the government. Correct Answer In a national referendum, a majority of both races voted against racial separation. The United Nations passed a resolution against racial separation and imposed sanctions. The ANC publically protested segregation through boycotts, demonstrations, and strikes. Points earned on this question: 5 Question 38 (Worth 5 points) (08.01 MC) Use the map below to answer the following question: A map of the Eastern Bloc showing the areas controlled by the USSR, its satellite states, the area of Yugoslavia and Albania. The USSR, notated in red, includes Moldavian SSR, Ukrainian SSR, Byelorussian SSR, Russian SSR, Lithuanian SSR, Latvian SSR, Estonian SSR, and the RSFSR. Satellite states notated in a light red include the Peoples Republic of Poland, Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, German Democratic Republic, Peoples Republic of Hungary, Socialist Republic of Romania, and the Peoples Republic of Bulgaria. The Yugoslavian areas represented in purple were aligned until 1948 and include Slovenia SR, Croatia SR, Bosnia & Herzegovina SR, Serbia SR, Montenegro SR, and Macedonia SR. Albania is notated in brown and was aligned with the Soviet Union until 1960. © 2012 Mosedschurte Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported According to the map, the People's Republic of Albania was a satellite nation of the United States after 1960 was no longer aligned with the Soviet Union after 1960 Correct Answer was not part of the Eastern Bloc is a cluster of several Baltic nations Points earned on this question: 5 Question 39 (Worth 5 points) (08.05 MC) Why did Egypt's president Nasser seize the Suez Canal in 1956? Egyptian officials determined the canal was dangerous and in dire need of repair. The act was to support an American and British financing decision on the Aswan High Dam. It was a nationalistic and retaliatory move to bring control of the canal under Egypt's command. Correct Answer The canal was seized to negotiate better trading relations with Britain, France, and the United States. Points earned on this question: 0 Question 40 (Worth 5 points) (05.05 LC) What did Enlightenment philosopher Montesquieu argue in his book The Spirit of the Laws? governments should be divided into three branches Correct Answer governments should control individual rights governments should limit public education governments should pass laws to protect slavery Points earned on this question: 5 Question 41 (Worth 5 points) (07.06 LC) The leading cause of death during the Holodomor gas chambers biological weapons firing squads starvation Correct Answer Points earned on this question: 5 Question 42 (Worth 5 points) (06.05 MC) How did the Franco-Prussian War of 1870—1871 contribute to German unification? German victory in the war increased nationalism and patriotism in Germany. Correct Answer French victory in the war united the Germans against a common enemy. The war resulted in Wilhelm I becoming King of Prussia. The war showed that only military force could unite Germany. Points earned on this question: 5 Question 43 (Worth 5 points) (05.02 MC) Why were absolute monarchies more common Eastern Europe than in Western Europe? The Church, which wanted to ban absolute monarchies, lost influence in Eastern Europe. Absolute monarchs in Eastern European countries abolished the feudal system. Eastern European countries were less developed and relied on strong absolute monarchies. Correct Answer Absolute monarchs were wiser and more capable in Eastern Europe than Western Europe. Points earned on this question: 5 Question 44 (Worth 5 points) (05.05/6 HC) How did Baron de Montesquieu's beliefs influence the development of the United States Constitution? The importance of establishing a social contract between the people and the government influenced the framing of the United States Constitution. The importance of ensuring no one person or branch in government held all the power influenced the framing of the United States Constitution. Correct Answer The importance of limiting the natural self-interest of human beings influenced the framing of the United States Constitution. The importance of reasserting the divine right of the monarchy to rule influenced the framing of the United States Constitution. Points earned on this question: 5 Question 45 (Worth 5 points) (07.01 MC) How did imperialism contribute to the start of World War I? Military alliances between imperialist nations encouraged violent conflict. Germany's attempts to defend newly independent nations sparked conflict in Europe. Violent independence protests in colonized nations spread to the European continent. Germany's attempts to build a global empire put them in conflict with other imperialist nations. Correct Answer Points earned on this question: 5 Question 46 (Worth 5 points) (08.06 MC) How do developed nations and developing nations differ? developed nations have a higher per capita income than developing nations Correct Answer developed nations have a higher birth rate than developing nations developing nations have a lower infant mortality rate than developed nations developing nations have higher levels of urbanization than developed nations Points earned on this question: 5 Question 47 (Worth 5 points) (06.02 MC) How did the Agricultural Revolution help accelerate the Industrial Revolution? Surplus agricultural labor became available for industrial work. Correct Answer The seed drill and the horse-hoe led to innovations in textiles. Greater farm income enabled rich landowners to become inventors. The enclosure system on farms was a model for industrial factories. Points earned on this question: 0 Question 48 (Worth 5 points) (08.04 MC) How might Eastern Europe have been characterized in the late 1980s to early 1990s? Eastern Europe was turbulent with governmental upheavals, protests, and significant changes. Correct Answer Eastern Europe was characterized by stability, peace, and a new respect for the status quo. Eastern Europe experienced a widespread resurgence of communist principles and ideals. Eastern Europe became increasingly suspicious of and closed to western ideas. Points earned on this question: 5 Question 49 (Worth 5 points) (08.05 MC) A direct effect of the Six-Days War in the Middle East was the establishment of a Jewish homeland known as Israel Israel settling large tracts of land in the West Bank Correct Answer the Palestinian recognition of the State of Israel the signing of the Camp David Accords Points earned on this question: 5 Question 50 (Worth 5 points) (05.03 MC) How did Copernicus and Galileo build on the work of scientists in the Middle Ages? Essay Submission Copernicus and Galileo managed to build on the work of scientists in the Middle Ages by taking theories that were applied years before and worked to improve them and evaluate them. Points earned on this question: 5
Question 51 (Worth 5 points) (05.05 HC) How did Enlightenment ideas influence the development of democracy in the United States? Support your answer with specific examples and evidence from the lessons. Essay Submission Enlightenment ideas managed to influence the development of democracy in the United States because of the Social Contract that John Locke wrote. That social contract allowed America to justify breaking away from England. Enlightenment Ideas in the US Government: Equality religious tolerance freedom of speech separation of powers protecting natural rights (life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness, property) rise up against tyranny/breaking. Points earned on this question: 5 Question 52 (Worth 10 points) (07.07 MC) How did the Marshall Plan impact the European economy in the post-World War II era? Essay Submission The Marshall Plan impacted the European economy in the post-World War II era by the European Recovery Program. The Marshall Plan was created to send about $13 billion in foreign aid, mostly in food and other supplies, to European nations to help rebuild their economies. It helped the European economy immensely, and helped them out of the struggle that they were in during World War II era. Points earned on this question: 10 Question 53 (Worth 10 points) (05.06 HC) To what extent did the Enlightenment philosophers influence the French and American Revolutions? Cite specific examples. Essay Submission The Enlightenment philosophers influenced the French and American Revolutions to a great extent. To begin with, the Enlightenment philosophers came up with ideas of how to form a new society, with wider rights, equality, democracy, and etc. Montesquieu came up with the idea of Separation of powers, and other french people came up with the idea of having a government that represented the people (through voting) rather than themselves and their families. Ideas about how to form a more just society came with these people - also Rousseau's dream of the perfect, nature-like state, with equality, and no one above another. People felt that one entered a society to have it better than one would in a state of nature, where everyone was against everyone. A civilized society should make it safer and better for everyone. However, they saw that this only benefited the rich, making them richer. And then came the philosophers with ideas of how to form a just and fair society. This first arrived to America. When people saw how it worked, more and more started writing in defense of revolutions and the new way of society, which, in turn, led to the French revolution. Points earned on this question: 10 Question 54 (Worth 10 points) (08.06 HC) To what extent has outsourcing positively impacted the global economy? Essay Submission Outsourcing has positively impacted the global economy to a great extent also. Both Montesquieu and Voltaire liked the idea of a despotic king ruling in a Enlightened Absolutism. This meant that the king would be influenced by the enlightenment and support it, with education, free press, freedom of speech, science etc, and embrace reason. This was meant to be spread throughout the country, to everyone. Philosophers who were much religion wanted to spread reason and education, but so did also many religious. In Norway, the king wanted to spread the Bible throughout his two countries. But for this to happen, one had to make people read. Therefore he decided that school should be a must for every child. It was only meant to teach people how to read, but many paid the teachers to teach them how to do maths and also write. When it comes to 'real' education, such as science, philosophy, social studies, maths, reading, writing, and everything else, it was really the enlightened philosophers who were the force behind. Points earned on this question: 10