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lfreeman1285

  • one year ago

What’s a reducing agent? Identify the oxidizing agent and reducing agent in the following reaction. 2Na + Cl2 → 2NaCl

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  1. aaronq
    • one year ago
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    Have you assigned oxidation numbers (also called oxidation states) to all the species?

  2. lfreeman1285
    • one year ago
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    No I haven't. I'm not really quite sure what to do with this question at all.

  3. aaronq
    • one year ago
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    First assign oxidations states, then examine which went more positive (lost electrons) and which one went more negative (gained electrons). Remember OILRIG Oxidation is loss Reduction is gain

  4. lfreeman1285
    • one year ago
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    2Na would be +1 (I think) Cl2 would be -1 2NaCl would be 0, right?

  5. aaronq
    • one year ago
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    Not quite. 2Na + Cl2 → 2NaCl 0 0 (+1)(-1) there are rules for this

  6. aaronq
    • one year ago
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    \(\sf Assigning ~Oxidation ~states\) You start off with a basic set of rules and you figure the rest out with simple arithmetic. Rules (most often true, except in rare occasions): Group 1 always +1 Group 2 always +2 Oxygen always -2 Group 7 always -1 Noble gases, elemental or homonuclear (the same element) molecules are zero The rest you have to figure out by subtracting or adding to achieve whatever charge the compound bears.

  7. lfreeman1285
    • one year ago
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    Oh that makes sense

  8. aaronq
    • one year ago
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    good stuff

  9. lfreeman1285
    • one year ago
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    Thank you!

  10. aaronq
    • one year ago
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    no problem !

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