lfreeman1285
  • lfreeman1285
What’s a reducing agent? Identify the oxidizing agent and reducing agent in the following reaction. 2Na + Cl2 → 2NaCl
Chemistry
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SOLVED
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chestercat
  • chestercat
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aaronq
  • aaronq
Have you assigned oxidation numbers (also called oxidation states) to all the species?
lfreeman1285
  • lfreeman1285
No I haven't. I'm not really quite sure what to do with this question at all.
aaronq
  • aaronq
First assign oxidations states, then examine which went more positive (lost electrons) and which one went more negative (gained electrons). Remember OILRIG Oxidation is loss Reduction is gain

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lfreeman1285
  • lfreeman1285
2Na would be +1 (I think) Cl2 would be -1 2NaCl would be 0, right?
aaronq
  • aaronq
Not quite. 2Na + Cl2 → 2NaCl 0 0 (+1)(-1) there are rules for this
aaronq
  • aaronq
\(\sf Assigning ~Oxidation ~states\) You start off with a basic set of rules and you figure the rest out with simple arithmetic. Rules (most often true, except in rare occasions): Group 1 always +1 Group 2 always +2 Oxygen always -2 Group 7 always -1 Noble gases, elemental or homonuclear (the same element) molecules are zero The rest you have to figure out by subtracting or adding to achieve whatever charge the compound bears.
lfreeman1285
  • lfreeman1285
Oh that makes sense
aaronq
  • aaronq
good stuff
lfreeman1285
  • lfreeman1285
Thank you!
aaronq
  • aaronq
no problem !

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