rvc
  • rvc
Matrices. Please help :) For what value of x will the following matrix A be of rank 1) equal to 3 2) less than 3
Mathematics
  • Stacey Warren - Expert brainly.com
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SOLVED
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katieb
  • katieb
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anonymous
  • anonymous
where is the matrix?
rvc
  • rvc
\[A=\left[\begin{matrix}3-x & 2 & 2 \\ 1 &4-x & 0 \\ -2 & -4 & 1-x\end{matrix}\right]\]
anonymous
  • anonymous
really, you need to find x so that the determinant is non-zero which will make the matrix have full rank (3). and then find x so that the determinant is 0 then the matrix will not have full rank which means the rank will be less than 3

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rvc
  • rvc
how do i do that
anonymous
  • anonymous
do you know how to calculate the determinant?
rvc
  • rvc
should i equate the determinant to zero?
anonymous
  • anonymous
once you get the expression for the determinant, you should have a 3rd degree polynomial. if you find the roots of that polynomial, then when x is the value of anoy of the roots, the determinant will be 0 and the second part of your question will be answered. if you pick any value that is not a root, then the determinant will be non-zero and you will have answered the first part of the question.
rvc
  • rvc
oh okay-tysm
anonymous
  • anonymous
do you understand? the dots i'm trying to help you connect?
rvc
  • rvc
yep
anonymous
  • anonymous
the first part is actually the easier of the two because you can use trial and error and there are an infinite number of values that will work. but for part 2, a maximum of 3 values work, and only one value if the polynomial has a pair of complex roots!
anonymous
  • anonymous
if you are doing by hand, you can use the rational roots theorem to find the roots.
anonymous
  • anonymous
did you find the answers?
rvc
  • rvc
nope
anonymous
  • anonymous
did you get the polynomial?
anonymous
  • anonymous
you there?
anonymous
  • anonymous
did you want help finding the answers?
anonymous
  • anonymous
the rank is 3 when the null space is trivial, i.e. only zero; this means that the entire codomain is mapped to. so we want \(\det A\ne 0\).
anonymous
  • anonymous
if the null space is not trivial, then we will invariably have incomplete rank and so for rank less than 3 we want to solve \(\det A=0\)

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