The intellectual and artistic rebirth of the Renaissance began in Florence, Italy, largely because of:
A. the arrival of Byzantine artists to that city.
B. the support of wealthy patrons in that city.
C. that city's location far from the center of church power.
D. that city's location on trade routes to Asia and the Middle East.
E. I'm not sure.
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When one age ends and another begins, there are cross currents. The declining or Late Middle Ages are usually dated from 1300 to 1500. It should be noted that this time overlaps with the Renaissance. The glass is either half empty or half full. It depends on one’s perspective.
The Renaissance started in Italy because these crises within Christendom benefitted Italy. It gave Italy an independence and freedom which it had not previously enjoyed. It must also be noted that the ruins of Roman civilization where more visible in Italy than elsewhere. The Italians had never quite forgotten that heritage even during the Dark Ages. Urban life had never disappeared entirely in Italy, the way it had in the rest of Europe.
The Renaissance began in the Italian city-states because they had the wealth from the commerce and trade of the Middle Ages. For some time, Venice had outfitted the crusaders and was the conduit for the silk and spice trade from India and China. Furthermore, the Byzantines and the Moslems cross-fertilized these urban city-states with their cultural ideas. Merchant banking families, such as the Medici in Florence, were able to profit from these commercial endeavors and became the ruling elite. These wealthy bankers were able to finance and patronize the arts, providing employment for the famous painters, sculptors, and architects of the time.
In addition, Italy had many reminders of the Roman past: the road network, the aqueducts, the public buildings, the monuments. Wealth, a standing heritage from the past, the freedom of the urban elite society—all of these factors contributed to a shift in attitude, which would soon include respect and admiration for the classical age
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The Italian Renaissance began the opening phase of the Renaissance, a period of great cultural change and achievement in Europe that spanned the period from the end of the 14th century to about 1600, marking the transition between Medieval and Early Modern Europe.