how were the lives of women affected by factory work?
@Photon336 this is the section talking about then women Although many factories also employed children, the majority of the workers in the cotton textile mills in the early 1800s were unmarried women. Francis Cabot Lowell created a factory system which consolidated all stages of cloth making under one roof. This saved on labor and time. He also found a way to get workers to the factories. His Lowell System employed young women from nearby farms. About 80% of his workers were unmarried women between 15 and 30. He created boarding houses to supervise these women and to ensure their safety. Many women saw factory work as a temporary job, lasting less than four years until they got married. Working in a factory provided a woman with some independence and female companionship that she would not find working on a farm or in a home. While initially excited about the opportunity, many women found factory work hard. Long hours for low pay with work and a noisy environment made for difficult working conditions. Due to increased competition from textile factories, working conditions deteriorated and pay declined for women by the 1830s. This led many women to leave the factory system. Factory owners sought new labor and began employing immigrant women from Ireland.
So from reading this, You can draw a lot of conclusions from this.
ased competition from textile factories, working conditions deteriorated and pay declined for women by the 1830s.
Initially factory work for women provided them with some freedom, they lived in houses near the work site, away from their husbands. To me two things were going on in Cabot lowell's mind: #1 how to have a factory system that was more efficient, reducing the time workers had to travel so that they could be on site and be more productive.
@JozelynW have you read Adam smith's wealth of nations?
well, over time when the women become good at their jobs they call it skilled" they are going to want more money eventually and that makes them less desirable as employees. so the factory owners get immigrants or other people to work longer hours for less money. we can say that in the beginning life for women was great because of the fact that they had freedom, a job etc. but as time went on the job became demanding and so did the hours.
dont forget increased competition, forces them to lower prices to compete, so eventually factory owners would need to look for people that would do the work for less.
you can see why this is bad for the women who work there
so this is the effects of factory work on women
Yeah basically their jobs got harder when competition between factories increased.