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Anas.P

  • one year ago

fourier traorm question please help

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  1. anas.p
    • one year ago
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    Find the fourier sine transform of the function\[f(x)=e^{|x|}\]

  2. anonymous
    • one year ago
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    \[\large \begin{align*} \mathcal{F}\left\{e^{|x|}\right\}&=\frac{1}{\sqrt{2\pi}}\int_{-\infty}^\infty e^{|x|}e^{-i\xi x}\,dx\\[1ex] &=\frac{1}{\sqrt{2\pi}}\left(\int_0^\infty e^{x}e^{-i\xi x}\,dx+\int_{-\infty}^0 e^{-x}e^{-i\xi x}\,dx\right)\\[1ex] &=\frac{1}{\sqrt{2\pi}}\left(\int_0^\infty e^{x}e^{-i\xi x}\,dx+\int_0^\infty e^{x}e^{i\xi x}\,dx\right)\\[1ex] &=\frac{2}{\sqrt{2\pi}}\int_0^\infty e^{x}\frac{e^{i\xi x}+e^{-i\xi x}}{2}\,dx\\[1ex] &=\frac{2}{\sqrt{2\pi}}\int_0^\infty e^{x}\cos\xi x\,dx\\[1ex] \end{align*}\] Notice that parameterizing the above integral as \[\large I(s)=\int_0^\infty e^{-sx}\cos\xi x\,dx\] gives the Laplace transform of \(\cos \xi x\), where in this case \(s=-1\).

  3. anonymous
    • one year ago
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    Whoops, you had asked for the sine transform... Sorry about that. In any case, you can proceed similarly, splitting the domain at \(x=0\).

  4. IrishBoy123
    • one year ago
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    \[\mathcal{F_{s}}\left\{e^{|x|} \right\} =-\frac{1}{\sqrt{2\pi}} \mathcal {Im} \ \left[ \ \int_{-\infty}^\infty e^{|x|}e^{-i\xi x}\,dx\ \right] \] \[=-\frac{2}{\sqrt{2\pi}} \mathcal{Im} \ \left[ \int_0^\infty e^{x}\cos\xi x\,dx\ \right]\] \[=0\]

  5. anas.p
    • one year ago
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    but the sine transform has limits 0 to infinity and therefore no -x should appear. Am i correct?

  6. IrishBoy123
    • one year ago
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    the sine transform has the limits as per the definition of the complete fourier integral, ie \(-\infty \lt t \lt \infty\) however, if the function is odd, you can make that leap, and make it an \(0 \lt t \lt \infty\) integration ..... times 2 just as, if the function is even, you can do the same thing in reverse. which is just one of the interesting conclusions from sith's integration moreover, an even function such as \(e^{|x|}\) will have a real transform and so the imaginary term will be zero. so the answer to this was clear from the start. if you go back to those original ideas of integral calculus, where you were summing little rectangles..... :p but now you first multiplying the areas of those little rectangles by either sine or cos, and one is odd and one is even

  7. anas.p
    • one year ago
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    thanks....

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