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  • one year ago

Both the Articles of Confederation and the Federal Constitution provided for how judicial power would be exercised. Explain differences in the organization of the courts between the Articles of Confederation and the Federal Constitution.

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  1. MajesticGalaxy
    • one year ago
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    The following is a comparison, detailing the similarities and differences between the two documents. Legislature (makes the laws) Articles: Legislature - Unicameral [One House], called Congress Constitution: Legislature - Bicameral [Two Houses], called Congress, divided into the House of Representatives and the Senate Members of Congress Articles: Between two and seven members per state Constitution: Two Senators per state, Representatives apportioned according to population of each state Voting in Congress Articles: One vote per state Constitution: One vote per Representative or Senator Appointment of members Articles: All appointed by state legislatures, in the manner each legislature directed Constitution: Representatives elected by popular vote, Senators appointed by state legislatures Term of legislative office Articles: One year Constitution: Two years for Representatives, six for Senators Term limit for legislative office Articles: No more than three out of every six years Constitution: None Congressional Pay Articles: Paid by states Constitution: Paid by the federal government Executive Articles: None Constitution: President National Judiciary (Court system) Articles: No federal courts Constitution: Federal judiciary established, including Supreme Court How disputes [arguments] between states are solved Articles: Congress Constitution: Supreme Court New States Articles: Admitted upon agreement of nine states Constitution: Admitted upon agreement of Congress Amendment - How national laws will be changed Articles: When agreed upon by all states Constitution: When agreed upon by three-fourths of all states Navy Articles: Congress authorized to build a navy; states authorized to equip warships to counter piracy Constitution: Congress authorized to build a navy; states not allowed to keep ships of war Army Articles: Congress to decide on size of force and to requisition troops from each state according to population Constitution: Congress authorized to raise and support armies Power to coin (make) money Articles: United States and the states Constitution: United States only Taxes Articles: The United States Congress has no power to tax, but the states do Constitution: Congress and the states have the power to levy and collect taxes Ratification (how the document becomes law) Articles: Unanimous consent of all the states required Constitution: Consent of nine out of thirteen Hope this helped!

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