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Question 1 (Worth 5 points) How did F.W. de Klerk influence democratic reforms in South Africa? He restricted political rights to the white minority, ultimately extending the apartheid system. He set up talks between the government and the ANC, ultimately contributing to the elimination of apartheid. He encouraged the government to outlaw the ANC, ultimately extending the apartheid system. He refused to end civil war, ultimately contributing to the elimination of apartheid. Points earned on this question: 5 Question 2 (Worth 5 points) Which of the following nations used social media sites to organize protests? Algeria Morocco Egypt Chile Points earned on this question: 5 Question 3 (Worth 5 points) Which of the following forced Jean-Bertrand Aristide out of power in Haiti? the United Nations the Haitian aristocracy the Haitian military the nation of Cuba Points earned on this question: 5 Question 4 (Worth 5 points) Which of the following was General Augusto Pinochet responsible for? the many sanctions imposed on Bolivia the disappearance of thousands of people in Chile the short Falkland War with Great Britain the harsh suppression of a revolution in Algeria Points earned on this question: 5 Question 5 (Worth 5 points) Which of the following describes the purpose of the Regeneration group in Mexico? to remove President Porfirio Diaz from power to remove Ricardo Flores Magón from power to create a system of private schools in Mexico to create a new Mexican constitution Points earned on this question: 5 Question 6 (Worth 5 points) What prompted the early-20th century coup in Brazil? The urban middle class sought to overturn the coffee elite-controlled government. The tenantes sought to concentrate power at the top of the social ladder. The coffee elite felt that their favored social and economic position was threatened. The newly created trade unions established a minimum wage and child labor laws. Points earned on this question: 5 Question 7 (Worth 5 points) Which of the following reforms did a commission insist must happen in Puerto Rico before any other reforms were made? improve education reduce taxes abolish slavery allow women to vote Points earned on this question: 5 Question 8 (Worth 5 points) Use the following image to answer the question below: This is a poster depicting a large street fight. There are a few dozen men and women battling in the streets. Some of them have been hit over the head with objects. Others are attempting to hit with objects. Public Domain The above illustration was created about 1870 and is entitled "The New Fighting the Old in Early Meiji Japan." Based on this image, which of the following statements is accurate about the Meiji Restoration? Most Japanese supported the reforms of the Meiji Restoration. The Meiji Restoration denied the rights of elderly people. The Meiji Restoration was a smooth process toward reform. Many Japanese resisted the reforms of the Meiji Restoration. Points earned on this question: 5 Question 9 (Worth 5 points) What's one reason why the independence movements in Africa tended to be more violent than other places? African countries tended to seek independence earlier than other countries around the world. The colonies in Africa each had very large white settler populations who resisted all attempts at independence. The colonies in Africa had been the sight of most of the most deadly battles of the Second World War. Africa had undergone centuries of brutal exploitation and mass slavery that broke down institutions of civil society. Points earned on this question: 5 Question 10 (Worth 5 points) Use the following excerpt from Mohandas K. Gandhi's "Statement in the Great Trial, 1922" to answer the question below: "In fact, I believe that I have rendered a service to India and England by showing in non-co-operation the way out of the unnatural state in which both are living…I am endeavoring to show to my countrymen that violent non-co-operation only multiples evil, and that as evil can only be sustained by violence, withdrawal of support of evil requires complete abstention [avoidance] from violence...I am here, therefore, to invite and submit cheerfully to the highest penalty that can be inflicted upon me for what in law is deliberate crime, and what appears to me to be the highest duty of a citizen." -excerpt from Mohandas K. Gandhi's "Statement in the Great Trial", 1922 Based on this excerpt, how did Mohandas Gandhi's approach to gaining independence in India differ from the approach taken in French-Indo China? Rebels in French Indo-China rejected the use of violence. Gandhi believed that violence was not an effective means to bring change. Gandhi believed violent resistance to be the highest duty of a citizen. Rebels in French Indo-China saw peaceful negotiation as the most effective means to bring change. Points earned on this question: 5 Question 11 (Worth 5 points) In what way did the movement toward independence in India differ from that of Korea? India achieved independence much earlier than Korea. Korea achieved independence because Japan lost the war. India achieved independence when Britain entered the war. Korea fought a long and violent war for independence. Points earned on this question: 5 Question 12 (Worth 5 points) Why might France have been more motivated to resist independence movements in Algeria than it had in French Indo-China? Algeria had a large settler community made up of French-speaking Europeans. Algeria had been a part of France since the end of World War II. The Vietnamese resistance was stronger and far more organized. The Vietnamese independence movement appealed to Britain for help. Points earned on this question: 5