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got no idea sorry
what about this one -Describe the CDC'S approach to case investigation. Was active or passive surveillance used to identify the first AIDS cases?
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well, drug companies made huge profits off of aids drugs in the late 1990s while people who couldn't afford them died, there was an outrage over that. early aids movement began in the early 1980s when it was first discovered. the first aids drug was delayed, until about 1987, but there wasn't much people could do if you had it you died back in the 80s maybe that's an exaggeration.
what I found related to how the first aids drug was delayed in the 80s, but from what i've read most of the policies were pretty aggressive even from the Reagan administration
The Official CDC's approach is as follows: ---------------------------------- Prepare for field work Establish the existence of an outbreak Verify the diagnosis Construct a working case definition Find cases systematically and record information Perform descriptive epidemiology Develop hypotheses Evaluate hypotheses epidemiologically As necessary, reconsider, refine, and re-evaluate hypotheses Compare and reconcile with laboratory and/or environmental studies Implement control and prevention measures Initiate or maintain surveillance Communicate findings
Active surveillance: a system employing staff members to regularly contact heath care providers or the population to seek information about health conditions. Active surveillance provides the most accurate and timely information, but it is also expensive. Passive surveillance: a system by which a health jurisdiction receives reports submitted from hospitals, clinics, public health units, or other sources. Passive surveillance is a relatively inexpensive strategy to cover large areas, and it provides critical information for monitoring a community's health. However, because passive surveillance depends on people in different institutions to provide data, data quality and timeliness are difficult to control. In the early to mid-1980's, AIDS surveillance was strictly passive. It was conducted by one individual on a case-by-case basis from reports submitted by physicians, many who were seeing their first AIDS case. By the spring of 1986, the AIDS/HIV Program initiated active surveillance with hospitals statewide and passive laboratory-based reporting. Over time, surveillance data collection methods have been streamlined and automated.
And the Band Played On: Politics, People, and the AIDS Epidemic is a 1987 book by San Francisco Chronicle journalist Randy Shilts. The Centers for Disease Control (CDC), the agency responsible for tracking down and reporting all communicable diseases in the U.S., faced governmental apathy in the face of mounting crisis. Shilts reported how CDC epidemiologists forged ahead blindly after being denied funding for researching the disease repeatedly. Shilts expressed particular frustration describing instances of the CDC fighting with itself over how much time and attention was being paid to AIDS issues.
@toxicsugar22 Is the content alright???